The application of three-dimensional internal structure microscopy in the observation of mare ovary.

College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Kanagawa, Japan.
Anantomia Histologia Embryologia (Impact Factor: 0.88). 11/2001; 30(5):309-12. DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0264.2001.00335.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ovary of the mare has a unique structure which differs totally from that of other mammals. However, because of its relatively large size, conventional histological techniques were unsuitable for the observation of the internal structure of the whole ovary. Three-dimensional internal structure microscopy (3D-ISM) consists of a cryotome-CCD camera-laser disc recorder-PC-based control system coupled with a graphic workstation. The internal structure of the ovary is observed by processing over more than 1,000 stored images of serially sliced surfaces of each frozen equine ovary. The 3D reconstruction was done using the full-coloured, volume-rendering method. The relationship between the localization of medulla, cortex and ovulation fossa was clarified. The ovulation fossa is localized in the centre of the ovary and is surrounded by a broad ovarian cortex. A trace of ovulation was observed only at the ovulation fossa. Medulla are localized in narrow peripheral areas. The phenomenon of the competition to occupy the cortical area ahead of the ovulation fossa by developing secondary follicles was visualized. Spatial localization of various sized follicles was identified from 3D-reconstructed images. In this study, it has been clarified that application or this novel computerized technique can clarify the anatomical arrangements of the equine ovary and the complex mechanism of equine follicular development.

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    ABSTRACT: The structure of the equine ovary is different from that of other mammals in its extremely large size, the presence of ovarian fossa and the inverted location of its cortex and medulla. A three-dimensional internal structure microscopy (3D-ISM), which consists of a computer-controlled slicer, a CCD camera, a laser disc recorder and a PC, is very useful for the observation of the internal structures in equine ovaries. In addition, the three-dimensional images of follicles and corpus luteum (CL) reconstructed by the segmentation technique can clarify the spatial arrangement in the equine ovary. In this study, to understand the changes in the ovarian internal structures of the mare during the oestrous cycle, the size and numbers of follicles and luteal structures were analysed by 3D-ISM in addition to the concentrations of progesterone (P(4)) and oestradiol-17beta. As a result, many small follicles (<10 mm in diameter) were detected. It was recognized that the luteal structures were distinguished into three types, such as the corpus haemorragicum (CH), which is formed by blood elements at the cavity after ovulation, CL and corpus albican (CA). There were some CHs and CL in the group, which had the concentration of P(4) > 1 ng/ml. CHs were also observed in the group, which had low level of P(4) (P(4) < 1 ng/ml). CAs were found regardless of the P(4) level. In conclusion, 3D-ISM enabled the internal observation of the ovarian structures in detail, and estimation of the stage of the ovarian cycle with complementary physiological information. The findings by 3D-ISM provide basic information for clinical applications.
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    ABSTRACT: The South American fur seal reproductive histophysiology is scarcely described. This study provides a histological description of prepuberal South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) ovaries as well as three-dimensional reconstructions of subcapsular crypts and primordial follicles. Ovaries from fresh dead animals were processed for histology and sliced in serial sections. A portion of the superficial cortex was photographed and images were processed using BioVis3d software in order to generate three-dimensional reconstructions. A. australis prepuberal ovaries conform to the basic structure of pinnipedian species with a subcapsular crypts system made up of interconnecting cisternae and tubules with multiple openings to the surface. Generally, primordial follicles were arranged in a monolayer beneath the tunica albuginea and were closely associated with subcapsular crypts. Large number of interstitial cells distributed throughout the cortex was the main histological feature in compare with previous reports in other seals. Three-dimensional reconstructions modeled subcapsular crypts microarchitecture and showed the close spatial relationship between crypts and primordial follicles. Despite the fact that the general ovarian histological structure was similar to that of other pinnipeds, the large number of interstitial cells is a distinctive feature that raises the question about the origin and function in A. australis with regard to the steroidogenic activity reported in other seal species.
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