The application of three-dimensional internal structure microscopy in the observation of mare ovary.
ABSTRACT The ovary of the mare has a unique structure which differs totally from that of other mammals. However, because of its relatively large size, conventional histological techniques were unsuitable for the observation of the internal structure of the whole ovary. Three-dimensional internal structure microscopy (3D-ISM) consists of a cryotome-CCD camera-laser disc recorder-PC-based control system coupled with a graphic workstation. The internal structure of the ovary is observed by processing over more than 1,000 stored images of serially sliced surfaces of each frozen equine ovary. The 3D reconstruction was done using the full-coloured, volume-rendering method. The relationship between the localization of medulla, cortex and ovulation fossa was clarified. The ovulation fossa is localized in the centre of the ovary and is surrounded by a broad ovarian cortex. A trace of ovulation was observed only at the ovulation fossa. Medulla are localized in narrow peripheral areas. The phenomenon of the competition to occupy the cortical area ahead of the ovulation fossa by developing secondary follicles was visualized. Spatial localization of various sized follicles was identified from 3D-reconstructed images. In this study, it has been clarified that application or this novel computerized technique can clarify the anatomical arrangements of the equine ovary and the complex mechanism of equine follicular development.
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ABSTRACT: A two-follicle model was used to study the nature of selection of the dominant follicle in mares by ablating neither or one of the two follicles on the day the larger follicle reached >/= 20 mm (Day 0). The larger follicle became the dominant follicle in all mares in which both follicles (n = 8) or only the larger follicle (n = 10) was retained. When only the smaller follicle (n = 9) was retained, it became dominant and ovulated in six mares and became atretic in three mares; the difference in diameter between the two follicles on Day 0 was less (p < 0.01) in mares in which the retained smaller follicle grew and ovulated (2.2 +/- 0.6 mm) than in the mares in which the follicle became atretic (5.9 +/- 1.2 mm). A decline (p < 0. 0001) in FSH concentrations occurred over Days -4 (8.4 +/- 0.7 ng/ml) to 0 (5.9 +/- 0.3 ng/ml), averaged over all groups, and the decline continued for several more days in the groups with both follicles or with only the larger follicle retained. In the group with only the smaller follicle retained, compared to the group with both follicles retained, FSH concentrations and diameter of the smaller follicle increased between Days 0 and 1 (significant interaction for each end point). After Day 1, FSH concentrations continued to increase when the smaller retained follicle became atretic; concentrations decreased when the smaller retained follicle became dominant. An increase (p < 0.0001) in LH concentrations occurred over Days -4 (12.2 +/- 1.1 pg/ml) to 0 (21.1 +/- 2.0 pg/ml), averaged over the three groups. In 23 of 27 mares, a transient peak in LH concentrations occurred within 2 days of Day 0. In the groups with both follicles or with only the larger follicle retained, an increase (p < 0.0001) in systemic estradiol concentrations occurred between Day 0 (5.3 +/- 0.6 pg/ml) and Day 2 (7.5 +/- 0.4 pg/ml). When only the smaller follicle was retained, estradiol did not begin to increase until Day 2, and it increased only when the retained follicle grew and became dominant. The beginning of an increase in estradiol and continued decrease in FSH at the expected beginning of deviation were attributable to the future dominant follicle; there was no indication that the smaller follicle was involved.Biology of Reproduction 10/1999; 61(3):724-30. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using a new method derived from the 'visible human project' (Spitzer et al., 1996, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 3, 118-130), we were able to establish a simple and low-cost tool which produces high-quality cryosections of macroscopic specimens down to 1-mm slice thickness, based on a milling process. For the first time, a macroscopic cryotome is available to veterinary anatomists, which can be used on cutting faces up to 25 cm high and 50 cm wide and with a minimal slice thickness of 1 mm without any gap. The method employs a modified wood circular saw. Recording of the cutting faces is carried out 'online' by a high-resolution digital camera. The process has been tested extensively and produces high-quality sections of very hard material (teeth) as well as of very soft tissues (brain). It is now possible in veterinary medicine to provide three-dimensional anatomical databases of high resolution and of tissue-specific colour as an additional tool for high-quality two- and three-dimensional anatomical reconstructions for use in science and education.Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 06/1999; 28(2):97-102. · 0.88 Impact Factor
Article: Ovulation site in the mare.Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 01/1971; 157(11):1452-9. · 1.72 Impact Factor