Longitudinal study of urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine excretion in healthy adults.
ABSTRACT Numerous studies have investigated the urinary excretion of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a biomarker for the assessment of oxidative DNA damage in humans. In this study, we performed six consecutive series of measurement of urinary levels of 8-OHdG in 68 healthy probands, in order to provide information on the intra- and inter-individual variability of 8-OHdG and to estimate the influence of smoking, age, sex, body weight and body mass index (BMI) on the excretion of 8-OHdG. The intra-individual coefficient of variation (CV) of urinary 8-OHdG/24 h ranged from 0.18 to 1.06 (mean CV = 0.48). Women excreted significantly lower amounts of 8-OHdG/24 h than men, but the difference lost its significance when the body weight or urinary creatinine were used as covariates. By multiple linear regression analysis significant correlations between the mean individual levels of 8-OHdG/24 h excretion and urinary creatinine (rp = 0.61), and cotinine (rp = 0.27) have been observed, whereas no statistically significant effect of age, body weight and BMI was found. The 8-OHdG/creatinine ratio was found to be significantly increased in 23 smokers (1.95 +/- 0.40 mumol/mol) opposed to 45 non-smoking probands (1.62 +/- 0.50 mumol/mol), which is in good agreement with previously published data. No effect of passive smoking on the excretion of 8-OHdG was found. From our data we conclude that the intra-individual variability of urinary 8-OHdG excretion has been underestimated so far, indicating that values of 8-OHdG measured by single spot monitoring are not representative for individual base levels.
Article: Analysis of urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-purine-2'-deoxyribonucleosides by LC-MS/MS and improved ELISA.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Non-invasive monitoring of oxidative stress is highly desirable. Urinary 7,8-8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) is a biologically relevant and convenient analytical target. However, immunoassays can over-estimate levels of urinary 8-oxodG. Measurement of more than one DNA oxidation product in urine would be advantageous in terms of mechanistic information. Urines samples were analysed for 8-oxodG by solid-phase extraction/LC-MS/MS and ELISA. The solid-phase extraction/LC-MS/MS assay was also applied to the analysis of urinary 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyadenosine (8-oxodA). Concurring with previous reports, urinary 8-oxodG measured by ELISA was significantly higher than levels measured by LC-MS/MS. However, apparent improvement in the specificity of the commercially available Japanese Institute for the Control of Ageing (JaICA) ELISA brought mean LC-MS/MS and ELISA measurements of urinary 8-oxodG into agreement. Urinary 8-oxodA was undetectable in all urines, despite efficient recovery by solid phase extraction. Exploitation of the advantages of ELISA may be enhanced by a simple modification to the assay procedure, although chromatographic techniques still remain the 'gold standard' techniques for analysis of urinary 8-oxodG. Urinary 8-oxodA is either not present or below the limit of detection of the instrumentation.Free radical research 11/2008; 42(10):831-40. · 2.22 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is an oxidatively modified guanosine, which has been widely used as an oxidative DNA damage marker in various diseases. The present study aimed to determine urinary 8-OHdG in nephrolithiasis patients and evaluate its clinical significance. Thirty-six nephrolithiasis patients and 30 healthy subjects were recruited. Urine volume, creatinine, malondialdehyde, beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAG) activity and proteins were measured in 24 h urine samples. Urinary 8-OHdG was determined by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Mineral composition of stones was analyzed using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy. Nephrolithiasis patients excreted urinary 8-OHdG significantly higher than healthy controls. Urinary 8-OHdG levels compared among patients with calcium oxalate, struvite and uric acid stones were insignificantly different. The urinary NAG activity correlated positively with urinary 8-OHdG. Multiple linear regression showed that urinary NAG activity was an independent predictor of urinary 8-OHdG level. Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed that the urinary 8-OHdG test was adequate for diagnosing nephrolithiasis. At 10 mug/g creatinine cutoff, the 8-OHdG test imparted high specificity (96.67%) and a positive predictive value (91.67%). In conclusion, this is the first report of elevated urinary 8-OHdG excretion in nephrolithiasis patients indicating increased oxidative DNA damage. Increased renal tubular damage was independently associated with elevated urinary 8-OHdG. Elevated urinary 8-OHdG levels adjunct with metabolic profile may be useful for identifying people at risk of stone development.Urological Research 09/2007; 35(4):185-91. · 1.23 Impact Factor