Interaction between platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha and filamin-1 is essential for glycoprotein Ib/IX receptor anchorage at high shear.
ABSTRACT The interaction of the glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX receptor complex with the membrane skeleton of platelets is dependent on a specific interaction between the cytoplasmic tail of GPIbalpha and filamin-1. This interaction has been proposed to regulate key aspects of platelet function, including the ligand binding of GPIb-V-IX and the ability of the cells to sustain adhesion to von Willebrand factor (vWf) under high shear. In this study we have examined sequences in the GPIbalpha intracellular domain necessary for interaction of the receptor with filamin-1. We have identified two adjacent sequences involving amino acids 557-568 and 569-579 of the GPIbalpha cytoplasmic domain that are critical for normal association between the receptor complex and filamin-1. Under flow conditions, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing these two mutant receptors exhibited an increase in translocation velocity that was associated with increased cell detachment from the vWf matrix at high shear. The shear-dependent acceleration in velocity of mutant Delta557-568 and Delta569-579 CHO cells was associated with a critical defect in receptor anchorage, evident from significant extraction of GPIb-IX from the CHO cell membrane at high shear. These studies define a critical role for amino acids within the 557-579 sequence of GPIbalpha for interaction with filamin-1.
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ABSTRACT: The interaction of platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX with von Willebrand factor (VWF) exposed at the injured vessel wall or atherosclerotic plaque rupture initiates platelet transient adhesion to the injured vessel wall, which triggers intracellular signaling cascades leading to platelet activation and thrombus formation. 14-3-3ζ has been verified to regulate the VWF binding function of GPIb-IX by interacting with the cytoplasmic domains of GPIb-IX. However, the data regarding the role of 14-3-3ζ in GPIb-IX-VWF interaction-induced signaling still remain controversial. In the present study, the data indicate that the S609A mutation replacing Ser(609) of GPIbα with alanine (S609A) significantly prevented the association of 14-3-3ζ with GPIbα before and after the VWF binding to GPIbα. GPIb-IX-VWF interaction-induced activations of Src family kinases and protein kinase C were clearly reduced in S609A mutation. Furthermore, S609A mutation significantly inhibited GPIb-IX-VWF interaction-induced elevation of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels in flow cytometry analysis. Taken together, these data indicate that the association of 14-3-3ζ with the cytoplasmic domain of GPIbα plays an important role in GPIb-IX-VWF interaction-induced signaling.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(5):5364-74. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background. Room temperature storage of platelets for transfusion increases the risk of microbial infection and decreases platelet functionality, leading to out-date discard rates of up to 20%. Cold storage may be a better alternative, but this treatment leads to rapid platelet clearance after transfusion, initiated by changes in glycoprotein Ibα, the receptor for von Willebrand factor.Design and Methods. We examined the change in glycoprotein Ibα distribution using Forster Resonance Energy Transfer by time-gated Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy.Results. Cold storage induced deglycosylation of glycoprotein Ibα ectodomain, exposing N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues, which sequestered with GM1 gangliosides in lipid rafts. Raft-associated glycoprotein Ibα formed clusters upon binding of 14-3-3ζ adapter proteins to its cytoplasmic tail, a process accompanied by mitochondrial injury and phosphatidyl serine exposure. Cold storage left glycoprotein Ibα surface expression unchanged and although glycoprotein V decreased, the fall did not affect glycoprotein Ibα clustering. Prevention of glycoprotein Ibα clustering by blockade of deglycosylation and 14-3-3ζ translocation raised the survival of cold-stored platelets above levels of room temperature platelets without compromising hemostatic functions.Conclusions. We conclude that glycoprotein Ibα translocates to lipid rafts upon cold-induced deglycosylation and forms clusters by associating with 14-3-3ζ. Interference with these steps provides a means to enable cold storage of platelet concentrates in the near future.Haematologica 06/2012; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interaction between the cytoplasmic domain of GPIbα with its cytoskeletal binding partner, filamin, is a major determinant of platelet size, and deficiency of either protein results in macrothrombocytopenia. To clarify the mechanism by which GPIbα-filamin interactions regulate platelet production, we manipulated the expression levels of filamin and GPIb in cultured embryonic stem cells (ESCs) that were subsequently differentiated into platelets. Knocking down filamins A and B resulted in the production of ESC-derived proplatelets with abnormally large swellings and proplatelet shafts that generated giant platelets in culture. Large platelets could also be generated by overexpressing GPIbα in ESCs, or by overexpressing in vivo a transgene encoding a chimeric protein containing the cytoplasmic domain of GPIbα. To identify the mechanism by which the GPIb:filamin ratio regulates platelet size, we manipulated filamin and GPIbα levels in HEK293T cells and examined the effects of overexpressing either protein on their ability to traffic to the cell periphery. Accumulation of either protein within the endoplasmic reticulum resulted in trapping of the other. Taken together, these data demonstrate that coordinated expression of GPIbα and filamin is required for efficient trafficking of either protein to the cell surface, and for production of normal-sized platelets.Blood 12/2011; 119(12):2906-13. · 9.06 Impact Factor