Article

Immunohistochemical analysis of sodium iodide symporter expression in metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer: correlation with radioiodine uptake.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &amp Metabolism (Impact Factor: 6.43). 12/2001; 86(11):5627-32. DOI: 10.1210/jc.86.11.5627
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ability of thyroid cancers to concentrate radioiodine (RAI) is dependent, in part, upon the expression and functional integrity of the sodium iodide symporter (NIS). However, some differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTCs) and most undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas lack the ability to concentrate iodide and are thereby insensitive to 131I therapy. Variation of NIS protein expression may be an important factor in this behavior. We wished to determine whether NIS protein expression in primary DTC tumors correlated with the subsequent RAI uptake by metastatic lesions in the same patients. We obtained paraffin-embedded tissue specimens from 60 patients with metastatic thyroid cancer who had undergone total or near-total thyroidectomy at the Mayo Clinic for DTC and had known presence or absence of RAI uptake in their tumor deposits determined by total body scanning after thyroid hormone withdrawal. Tissue sections from the primary intrathyroidal tumors were subjected to immunostaining (IS) using a monoclonal antibody against human NIS. Slides were subsequently examined for specific IS by two independent reviewers. For each patient, whole body scan (WBS) uptake was recorded, and correlation between results of IS and WBS was analyzed. Of 43 patients with a positive WBS, 37 also had positive IS of their tumors. In six patients with negative IS, a positive WBS was documented, and in three of these cases TSH at the time of surgery was less than 0.3 mIU/liter. Of the 17 patients with negative WBS, 10 were also negative on IS. Positive IS accurately predicted a positive scan in our study in 84% of cases; the ability of the IS to detect all cases with a positive scan was 86%, and it increased to 90% when patients who were receiving thyroid hormone therapy at the time of surgery were excluded from the analysis. Overall, the results of our retrospective study suggest that NIS IS of the thyroidal primary tumor in patients with papillary and follicular thyroid cancers has substantial ability to predict the behavior of subsequent deposits of metastatic and recurrent cancer with respect to iodine trapping and concentration. Our findings require confirmation in prospective studies to more accurately determine the predictive ability of the test and its role in the postoperative management of patients with DTC. If confirmed, NIS IS of DTC primary lesions may prove useful in the management of patients with known or suspected metastatic thyroid cancer.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
54 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The expression of glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1) gene and those of major thyroid-specific genes were examined in papillary carcinoma tissues, and the expressions of these genes were compared with cancer differentiation grades.
    Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 06/2014; 48(2):91-97.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A decreased radioiodine uptake is associated with high recurrence rate and reduced survival in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression status in aggressive PTC variants is unknown. NIS expression in conventional PTC and aggressive PTC variants such as tall cell variant (TCV) and diffuse sclerosing variant (DSPTC) was investigated using immunohistochemical detection. Patients having TCV and DSPTC were significantly more likely to have extrathyroidal extension and lymph nodes metastases (P < 0.05). Positive NIS staining was identified in 228 of 312 (73.1 %) patients with conventional PTC, 9 of 28 (32.1 %) patients with TCV and 12 of 30 (40.0 %) patients with DSPTC. NIS expression distinguished conventional PTC from TCV and DSPTC significantly (P < 0.01). Due to their low NIS expression, TCV and DSPTC need higher cumulative doses of radioactive iodine therapy to improve their prognosis.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: After initial treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients are followed with thyroglobulin (Tg) measurements to detect recurrences. In case of elevated levels of Tg and negative neck ultrasonography, patients are treated "blindly" with Iodine-131 (131I). However, in up to 50% of patients, the post-therapy scan reveals no 131I-targeting of tumor lesions. Such patients derive no benefit from the blind therapy but are exposed to its toxicity. Alternatively, iodine-124 (124I) Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) has become available to visualize DTC lesions and without toxicity. In addition to this, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT detects the recurrent DTC phenotype, which lost the capacity to accumulate iodine. Taken together, the combination of 124I and 18F-FDG PET/CT has potential to stratify patients for treatment with 131IMethods/design: In a multicenter prospective observational cohort study the hypothesis that the combination of 124I and 18F-FDG PET/CT can avoid futile 131I treatments in patients planned for 'blind' therapy with 131I, is tested.One hundred patients planned for 131I undergo both 124I and 18F-FDG PET/CT after rhTSH stimulation. Independent of the outcome of the scans, all patients will subsequently receive, after thyroid hormone withdrawal, the 131I therapy. The post 131I therapeutic scintigraphy is compared with the outcome of the 124I and 18F-FDG PET/CT in order to evaluate the diagnostic value of the combined PET modalities.This study primary aims to reduce the number of futile 131I therapies. Secondary aims are the nationwide introduction of 124I PET/CT by a quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) program, to correlate imaging outcome with histopathological features, to compare 124I PET/CT after rhTSH and after withdrawal of thyroid hormone, and to compare 124I and 131I dosimetry.
    BMC Cancer 06/2014; 14(1):405. · 3.33 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
0 Downloads