Solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma - Incidence, clinical-pathologic characteristics, molecular analysis, and biologic behavior

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0529, USA.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology (Impact Factor: 4.59). 12/2001; 25(12):1478-84. DOI: 10.1097/00000478-200112000-00002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Solid variant is a rare and poorly characterized variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. In this study we analyzed 20 primary cases of the solid variant of papillary carcinoma found in a series of 756 papillary carcinomas operated at the Mayo Clinic between 1962 and 1989. The criteria for classification included predominantly (>70%) solid growth pattern of primary tumor, retention of cytologic features typical of papillary carcinoma, and absence of tumor necrosis. For each case of the solid variant, a control case of classical papillary carcinoma matched by age, sex, tumor size, and length of follow-up was selected. The follow-up ranged from 6 to 32 years. Two patients with the solid variant of papillary carcinoma (10%) died from disease 7 and 10 years after initial surgery, while another two patients (10%) are alive with lung metastases. In contrast, the control group had no cases with distant metastases or death from disease. Molecular analyses showed a similar prevalence of RET /PTC rearrangements in both groups. In conclusion, the solid variant of papillary carcinoma is associated with a slightly higher frequency of distant metastases and less favorable prognosis than classical papillary carcinoma. However, it should be distinguished from poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma, which has a reported lower survival rate compared with the solid variant of papillary carcinoma.

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    ABSTRACT: Thyroid cancer is the most common malignancy in endocrine system, composed of four major types; papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular thyroid carcinoma, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and medullary thyroid carcinoma. The incidence of thyroid cancer, especially differentiated thyroid cancer, is increasing in developed countries. Growing body of studies on molecular pathogenesis in thyroid cancer provide clues for further research and diagnostic/therapeutic targets. The general pathological classifications and clinical features of follicular cell derived thyroid carcinomas are overviewed, and recent advances of genetic alterations are discussed in this review.
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