Neosporosis in bovine dairy herds from the West of France: detection of Neospora caninum DNA in aborted fetuses, seroepidemioloy of N.caninum in cattle and dogs
Laboratoire Départemental Frank Duncombe, 1 Route de Rosel, 14053 Cedex, Caen, France. Veterinary Parasitology
(Impact Factor: 2.46).
01/2002; 102(4):269-77. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4017(01)00544-1
Neospora caninum is considered one of the major causes of abortion in cattle in most parts of the world. In this study, the role of N. caninum was investigated in groups of aborted cattle and dairy herds from the west of France. Good correlation was found between parasite DNA detection in fetuses and serologic statuses of dams. In groups with documented abortion status and no antibodies to other pathogens, 17-45% of aborted animals were seropositive for N. caninum, and significant relationship between prevalence of Neospora antibodies and frequency of abortions was found. Neospora-associated abortions were observed all the year round, with a peak in summer. Higher ratios of seropositive abortions were found before the 6th month of gestation. In 12 herds studied in the field, serologic prevalence ranged 6-47%. No difference in age was found between seropositive and seronegative cows. Results indicate that N. caninum is an important and stable cause of abortion in cattle in France.
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