Isolated neurosarcoidosis - MR findings and pathologic correlation.
ABSTRACT Neurosarcoidosis is a diagnostic challenge, especially if systemic symptoms are absent. We present a 49-year-old woman with isolated neurosarcoidosis. The main symptom was loss of vision in the left eye. Brain MR imaging showed 6 high-signal white matter lesions frontotemporally on proton density and T2-weighted turbo spin-echo images. Coronal fat-saturated turbo FLAIR images of the orbits showed a swollen left optic nerve with increased signal intensity, which finding has not been previously published in sarcoid optic neuropathy. A control MR examination showed meningeal enhancement of the left optic nerve and leptomeningeal enhancing lesions around the brain stem. Spinal MR revealed leptomeningeal enhancement throughout the spinal cord and asymptomatic enhancing cauda equina lesions, mimicking subarachnoid tumour seeding, and an enhancing nerve root mass at Th12/L1. Biopsy of the latter lesion revealed non-caseating granulomas consistent with sarcoidosis.
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ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis rarely selectively affects the cauda equina with characteristic motor and sensory impairments.Using imaging, we report a case of cauda equina polyradiculopathy presenting with progressive sensory ataxia without clinical or electrophysiological evidence of motor involvement. Neurosarcoidosis was diagnosed pathologically by proximal dorsal root biopsy after systemic investigations for inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic etiologies were found to be negative. There was clinical and radiographic improvement with corticosteroids. In addition, we review previously reported cases of cauda equina sarcoidosis.Muscle & Nerve 06/2011; 43(6):900-5. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging provides high contrast between hyperintense lesions and normal tissue. Hyperintense structures in convexity sulci are commonly linked to abnormal cerebrospinal fluid composition, whether blood, protein, or infection. A patient with hemispheric transient ischemic attacks from severe carotid stenosis had hyperintense convexity sulci on FLAIR magnetic resonance imaging, interpreted as possible prior hemorrhage, making the patient ineligible for carotid stent reconstruction. Retrospective analysis revealed that hyperintense sulci were dilated leptomeningeal collaterals. In severe arterial disease causing cerebral hypoperfusion, dilated leptomeningeal vessels should be considered a cause for serpiginous hyperintense structures on FLAIR imaging, similar to the "ivy sign" described in moya-moya patients.Clinical imaging 01/2014; · 0.73 Impact Factor
- Journal of NeuroVirology 04/2013; · 2.85 Impact Factor