Prostate Volume Measurement by TRUS Using Heights Obtained by Transaxial and Midsagittal Scaning: Comparison with Specimen Volume Following Radical Prostatectomy

Department of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Korean Journal of Radiology (Impact Factor: 1.57). 06/2000; 1(2):110-3. DOI: 10.3348/kjr.2000.1.2.110
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The purpose of this study was to determine, when measuring prostate volume by TRUS, whether height is more accurately determined by transaxial or midsagittal scanning.
Sixteen patients who between March 1995 and March 1998 underwent both preoperative TRUS and radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer were included in this study. Using prolate ellipse volume calculation (height x length x width x pi/6), TRUS prostate volume was determined, and was compared with the measured volume of the specimen.
Prostate volume measured by TRUS, regardless of whether height was determined transaxially or midsagittally, correlated closely with real specimen volume. When height was measured in one of these planes, a paired t test revealed no significant difference between TRUS prostate volume and real specimen volume (p =.411 and p =.740, respectively), nor were there significant differences between the findings of transaxial and midsagittal scanning (p =.570). A paired sample test, however, indicated that TRUS prostate volumes determined transaxially showed a higher correlation coefficient (0.833) and a lower standard deviation (9.04) than those determined midsagittally (0.714 and 11.48, respectively).
Prostate volume measured by TRUS closely correlates with real prostate volume. Furthermore, we suggest that when measuring prostate volume in this way, height is more accurately determined by transaxial than by midsagittal scanning.

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Available from: Sung Bin Park, Apr 07, 2015
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    • "Contrary to previous reports, TRUS width and not length is the least reliable factor. Also, Park et al. [2] claimed that the prostate size measured on midsagittal scanning was more accurate compared with real specimen volume. In our study, we calculated prostate volumes by use of the ellipsoid formula on both transaxial and midsagittal scannings. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare prostate volume measured by transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) between transaxial scanning and midsagittal scanning. We tried to determine which method is superior. Materials and Methods A total of 968 patients who underwent TRUS for diagnosis of any diseases related to the prostate were included in this study. When measuring prostate volume by TRUS, we conducted the measurements two ways at the same time in all patients: by use of height obtained by transaxial scanning and by use of height obtained by midsagittal scanning. Prostate volume was calculated by using the ellipsoid formula ([height×length×width]×π/6). Results For prostate volume measured by TRUS, a paired t-test revealed a significant difference between using height obtained by transaxial scanning and that obtained by midsagittal scanning in all patients (28.5±10.1 g vs. 28.7±9.9 g, respectively, p=0.004). However, there were no significant differences in the prevalence of prostate volume more than 20 g (known benign prostatic enlargement [BPE]) between the two methods by chi-square test (90.5% [n=876], 90.8% [n=879], respectively; p=0.876). When analyzed in the same way, there were no significant differences in the prevalence of prostate volume more than 30 g (generally, high-risk BPE) between the two methods (34.5% [n=334], 36.3% [n=351], respectively; p=0.447). Conclusions Although prostate volume by TRUS differed according to the method used to measure height, that is, transaxial or midsagittal scanning, we conclude that there are no problems in diagnosing BPE clinically by use of either of the two methods.
    Korean journal of urology 07/2014; 55(7):470-4. DOI:10.4111/kju.2014.55.7.470
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    • "This is because it is readily available and more convenient for the patient and the radiologist. TRUS on the other hand is associated with some level of resistance due to its invasiveness and associated discomfort [14]. Patients’ acceptance of TRUS during this study was therefore not without problems especially patients who have had previous TRUS were difficult to recruit for this study. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common disease of ageing men worldwide. Though transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is the standard in most parts of the world in evaluation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it is rarely done in some less developed countries because of non availability of appropriate probes and or specialists. Transabdominal ultrasonography (TAUS) remains the mainstay in these areas. Some controversies still exist in literature about the accuracy of TAUS evaluation of prostatic volume in patients with BPH. This study aimed at comparing the transition zone volume estimation of the prostate on transrectal and transabdominal ultrasound with post-operative enucleated adenoma volume in Nigeria patients with BPH and to suggest better predictor of prostate volume in evaluation of BPH. Methods Forty-six (46) patients with lower urinary tract symptoms due to BPH attending the urologic clinic were evaluated ultrasonographically and eventually managed with open surgery (prostatectomy) after due counselling. The post operative samples were weighted using a sensitive top loading weighing balance and converted to volume. Since the specific gravity of the prostate is equivalent to that of water,the weight is the same as volume. Results Patients’ ages ranged between 59 and 90 years with a peak age incidence at seventh decade. Transition Zone (TZ) volume estimation on both transrectal and transabdominal ultrasound showed positive correlation with the post operative enucleated adenoma(r = 0.594, p < 0.001) but the transrectal method was more accurate. There was no significant relationship between the TZ volume and patients’ symptoms(r = 0.491, p = 0.007). Conclusion Both TRUS and TAUS are comparable at TZ volume estimation and therefore TAUS can be utilized in regions where intracavitary probes and or the expertise is/are not available.
    Pan African Medical Journal 12/2013; 16:149. DOI:10.11604/pamj.2013.16.149.2532
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    ABSTRACT: "In this thesis, we propose a novel algorithm for detecting needles and their corresponding implanted radioactive seed locations in the prostate. The seed localization process is carried out efficiently using separable Gaussian filters in a probabilistic Gibbs random field framework. An approximation of the needle path through the prostate volume is obtained using a polynomial fit. The seeds are then detected and assigned to their corresponding needles by calculating local maxima of the voronoi region around the needle position. In our experiments, we were able to successfully localize over 85% of the implanted seeds. Furthermore, as a regular part of a brachytherapy cancer treatment, patient's prostate is scanned using a trans-rectal ultrasound probe, its boundary is manually outlined, and its volume is estimated for dosimetry purposes. In this thesis, we also propose a novel semi-automatic segmentation algorithm for prostate boundary detection that requires a reduced amount of radiologist's input, and thus speeds up the surgical procedure. Saved time can be used to re-scan the prostate during the operation and accordingly adjust the treatment plan. The proposed segmentation algorithm utilizes texture differences between ultrasound images of the prostate tissue and the surrounding tissues. It is carried out in the polar coordinate system and it uses three-dimensional data correlation to improve the smoothness and reliability of the segmentation. Test results show that the boundary segmentation obtained from the algorithm can reduce manual input by the factor of 3, without significantly affecting the accuracy of the segmentation (i.e. semi-automatically estimated prostate volume is within 90% of the original estimate)"--Abstract. Typescript. Thesis (M.S.)--Rochester Institute of Technology, 2006. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 48-51).
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