Socioeconomic Status and Child Development

Center for Applied Studies in Education, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave., Little Rock, Arkansas 72204, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 21.81). 02/2002; 53(1):371-99. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135233
Source: PubMed


Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the most widely studied constructs in the social sciences. Several ways of measuring SES have been proposed, but most include some quantification of family income, parental education, and occupational status. Research shows that SES is associated with a wide array of health, cognitive, and socioemotional outcomes in children, with effects beginning prior to birth and continuing into adulthood. A variety of mechanisms linking SES to child well-being have been proposed, with most involving differences in access to material and social resources or reactions to stress-inducing conditions by both the children themselves and their parents. For children, SES impacts well-being at multiple levels, including both family and neighborhood. Its effects are moderated by children's own characteristics, family characteristics, and external support systems.

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Available from: Robert H. Bradley, Jan 31, 2014
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    • "One indicator that predicts CLD students' learning and behavioral difficulties is the home environment. It is known that the socioeconomic status of immigrant families has a great impact on children's difficulties (Duncan et al. 1994; Bradley and Corwyn 2002). CLD students in low-income families are reported to exhibit learning and behavioral problems more frequently (Ceballos and Bratton 2010). "

    12/2015; 5(1). DOI:10.1186/s13616-015-0022-9
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    • "Specifically, we hypothesized that our study would replicate previously found associations as described above (cf. Bradley and Corwyn 2002; Burton and Phipps 2008; Holder and Coleman 2009; Konu et al. 2002; Ravens-Sieberer et al. 2008) when examining the (zero-order) correlations between our predictor variable (income), the mediator variables (connectedness with peers, connectedness with adults, health-related activities and habits), and the outcome variables perceived (health, satisfaction with life). In particular, we hypothesized that the correlations between the social connectedness variables and the outcome variables would be the largest of all the zero-order correlations. "

    Journal of Happiness Studies 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10902-015-9673-1 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    • "Researches also state that socio-economic status is related with mental illnesses in different ways (Bradley & Corwyn, 2002; Goldberg& Morrison, 1963). All such information's need to be incorporated carefully under various phases of psychosocial rehabilitation. "
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    ABSTRACT: Community Based Rehabilitation has been recognized worldwide as a best method of rehabilitation for individuals with various Psychiatric problems. It aims to restore the wellbeing and quality of life of the individuals with Psychiatric disorders at its maximum possible level with the active participation of his/her living community. A comprehensive assessment of all psychosocial factors is very crucial to plan an effective management plan for any of such interventions. This article aims to give basic technical and practical information to the fresh professionals and volunteers in the field of Community Based Psychiatric Rehabilitation. The article attempts to combine the theoretical knowledge and author’s practical experiences from the field.
    International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation 10/2015; 19(2):83-95.
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