Biobehavioral responses to interpersonal conflict during anger expression among anger-in and anger-out men.

Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.2). 02/2001; 23(4):282-90. DOI: 10.1207/S15324796ABM2304_7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine whether typical modes of anger expression (ie., anger-in, anger-out) were related to cardiovascular, affective, behavioral, and cognitive responses to interpersonal conflict, 20 anger-in and 20 anger-out undergraduate men participated in 2 role plays, one in which they were instructed to exhibit their anger overtly and the other in which they inhibited their anger Results showed that anger-in individuals used significantly more repression self-statements than anger-out individuals across both role play interactions (p <.01). Anger-out persons showed exaggerated diastolic blood pressure response in contrast to anger-in participants, but only during the exhibited anger role play (p <.04). When the anger exhibition role play followed anger inhibition, diastolic bloodpressure responses were more intense (p <. 05), and heart rate recovery was significantly slower (p <.03) among anger-outparticipants in contrast to anger-in participants. These findings indicate that modes of anger expression (trait) and contextual demands of the interaction (state) interact in complex ways to influence biobehavioral reactions to anger provocation.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This research examined cultural differences in experiential and cardiovascular outcomes of three anger regulation strategies (expression, suppression and reappraisal). METHODS: Forty-five Chinese and 45 Caucasian females participated in a laboratory experiment in which role play was used to induce anger. During this role play participants were instructed to either express or suppress their feelings or engage in cognitive reappraisal. Emotional experience was measured before and after the role play. Cardiovascular indices were measured continuously during the experiment. RESULTS: Significant interactions were obtained such that Caucasians showed stronger cardiovascular responses to suppression than expression of anger whereas the opposite was true for Chinese. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that physiological consequences of emotion regulation strategies vary by cultural background. Possible reasons as well as implications of these findings are discussed.
    International journal of psychophysiology: official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 10/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.10.010 · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The current study examined whether cognitions that accompany the experience of anger are similar among people from the US and India. Asian Indian participants were administered the Anger Cognitions Inventory, a self-report measure assessing cognitions associated with resentful and reflective anger that was previously validated in a sample from the US. Results indicated that there were five subscales in the Asian Indian sample; although there were some differences in the specific items that comprise the five subscales, the overall categories described by the subscales are similar in both cultures. Cognitions defining resentful anger were positively associated with poor physical health, hostility, and stress, whereas self-statements indicative of reflective anger were not related to any of these variables. Cognitive self-statements may exacerbate the experience of anger and subjective distress regardless of culture.
    Cognitive Therapy and Research 01/2007; 31(4):559-572. DOI:10.1007/s10608-006-9039-4 · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In two studies, we examine the relationship of positive and negative trait affectivity (PA/NA), organizational commitment, and emotional exhaustion with organizational member anger. Utilizing the dual threshold model (DTM) constructs of expressed and suppressed anger (Geddes & Callister, 2007), we find employees with high organizational commitment express anger to relevant others, that is, to management or to those responsible for the anger-provoking situation. In contrast, emotionally exhausted employees and those with high NA tend to suppress their anger, venting only to uninvolved parties or remaining silent. Findings also indicate a positive relationship with PA and anger expression—a connection rarely considered or examined in anger research. Further, expressed anger was predictive of perceived improvement with problematic situations, while suppressed anger forms led to perceptions that the situation at work deteriorated.
    Negotiation and Conflict Management Research 11/2014; 7(4). DOI:10.1111/ncmr.12040 · 0.76 Impact Factor