Deep femoral artery pseudoaneurysm due to brucellosis.

Department of Radiology Ankara University Medical School, Turkey.
Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.53). 01/2002; 20(12):1353-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is still a public health problem, particularly in developing countries. After the primary infection subsides, a chronic stage characterized by nonspecific manifestations can develop, during which it may not be possible to isolate Brucella organisms and agglutination test titers may or may not be high. We present the case of a 49-year-old man who had only nonspecific symptoms and a 2-month history of a pulsatile painful swelling in his right popliteal region. He had no history of trauma or surgery in that region, but he did ingest unpasteurized milk products. The patient's agglutination test titers were high, and Brucella melitensis was isolated from a bone marrow culture. Color Doppler sonography, T2-weighted MRI, and digital subtraction angiography were performed. Treatment with ultrasound-guided compression of the pseudoaneurysm failed because of high blood flow in its neck. Aneurysmectomy was undertaken, and the excised material was consistent with that from a mycotic pseudoaneurysm. Although both MRI and angiography provided useful information, the color Doppler sonography findings were characteristic of a pseudoaneurysm in the popliteal artery, and only that modality could detect the flow dynamics within the pseudoaneurysm.
    Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 02/2004; 32(1):33-6. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is the most common bacterial zoonosis, and causes a considerable burden of disease in endemic countries. Cardiovascular involvement is the main cause of mortality due to infection with Brucella spp, and most commonly manifests as endocarditis, peripheral and cerebrovascular aneurysms, or arterial and venous thromboses. We report a case of brucellosis presenting as bacteraemia and aortic endarteritis 18 years after the last known exposure to risk factors for brucella infection. The patient was treated with doxycycline, rifampicin, and gentamicin, and underwent surgical repair of a penetrating aortic ulcer, with a good clinical recovery. We review the signs and symptoms, diagnostic approach, prognosis, and treatment of brucella arteritis. We draw attention to the absence of consensus about the optimum therapy for vascular brucellosis, and the urgent need for additional studies and renewed scientific interest in this major pathogen.
    The Lancet Infectious Diseases 01/2014; · 19.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infected aneurysms due to Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus have rarely been reported. Here, we describe the first case of infected aneurysm of bilateral deep femoral arteries due to C. fetus fetus. We successfully treated this case by administration of antibiotics effective for C. fetus fetus and bilateral obturator bypass with complete resection of the infected aneurysms. The aneurysmal wall culture disclosed the presence of C. fetus fetus in a microaerobic atmosphere after the operation. A distinctive culture condition was necessary to detect C. fetus fetus. In the case of infected aneurysms, we should be aware of the possibility of infection with C. fetus fetus, and an appropriate culture for this organism may be needed.
    Annals of Vascular Surgery 05/2008; 22(3):476-80. · 1.03 Impact Factor

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