Article

Laser in situ keratomileusis enhancement for consecutive hyperopia after myopic overcorrection

Department of Ophthalmology , Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.55). 02/2002; 28(1):37-43. DOI: 10.1016/S0886-3350(01)01120-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To assess the efficacy, predictability, and safety of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the treatment of consecutive hyperopia after myopic LASIK.
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.
In a retrospective study, 36 eyes of 30 patients with consecutive hyperopia after myopic LASIK had LASIK retreatment using the VISX S2 excimer laser. Primary outcome variables including uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), manifest refraction, complications, and vector analysis were evaluated preoperatively and 1 day and 3 months postoperatively.
The mean spherical equivalent decreased from +1.52 diopters (D) +/- 0.55 (SD) (range +0.63 to +2.63 D) preoperatively to -0.10 +/- 0.52 D (range -1.25 to +1.50 D) 3 months after retreatment. The UCVA was 20/20 or better in 24 eyes (66.7%) and 20/40 or better in 34 eyes (94.4%). Twenty eyes (55.5%) were within +/-0.5 D of the intended correction and 34 eyes (94.4%), within +/-1.0 D. No eye lost 2 or more lines of BSCVA. One eye (2.8%) developed diffuse lamellar keratitis that resolved without sequelae, and 2 eyes (5.6%) developed nonprogressive epithelial ingrowth that did not require removal.
Laser in situ keratomileusis retreatment for consecutive hyperopia following myopic LASIK was an effective, predictable, and safe procedure. Long-term follow-up is needed to assess stability.

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