Article

Mouse oocyte mitogenic activity is developmentally coordinated throughout folliculogenesis and meiotic maturation.

The Reproductive Medicine Unit, Adelaide University, Adelaide, 5011, Australia.
Developmental Biology (Impact Factor: 3.87). 01/2002; 240(1):289-98. DOI: 10.1006/dbio.2001.0451
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Oocytes secrete soluble factors that regulate the growth and differentiation of follicular cells, including maintenance of the distinctive cumulus cell phenotype. This study determines whether the mitogenic activity of oocytes is developmentally regulated and examines the responsiveness of follicular cells to oocytes at different stages of follicular development. Prepubertal SV129 mice of varying ages were primed with 5 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and oocytes/zygotes collected either 46 h post-eCG (immature oocytes), 12 h after administration of 5 IU human CG (hCG; ovulated ova), or 12 h post-hCG and mating (zygotes). Mural granulosa cells (MGC) from antral follicles and GC from preantral follicles were cultured +/- denuded oocytes (DO) for 18 h, followed by a 6-h pulse of [(3)H]thymidine as an indicator of cellular DNA synthesis. Coculturing MGC with meiotically maturing oocytes led to a dose-dependent increase in [(3)H]thymidine incorporation (20-fold above control levels at 0.5 DO/microl). However, [(3)H] counts remained unchanged from control levels when cultured with meiotically incompetent DO from 11- to 15-day-old mice (3% germinal vesicle breakdown; GVB), irrespective of dose of DO or developmental status of GC (MGC or preantral GC). In some treatments, spontaneous meiotic resumption of competent oocytes was prevented by culturing with 5 microM milrinone, a selective inhibitor of oocyte-specific cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase. The mitogenic capacity of oocytes was found to decline during and after oocyte maturation. [(3)H]Thymidine incorporation in MGC was highest (11-fold above controls) when cultured with meiotically inhibited (milrinone-treated) GV DO, stimulated 5.5-fold by culture with maturing oocytes, 3-fold with ovulated ova, and unstimulated by zygotes. [(3)H]Thymidine incorporation in MGC was not altered by the dose of milrinone, either in the presence or absence of DO. Metaphase I marked the beginning of the decline in the capacity of oocytes to promote MGC DNA synthesis. These results demonstrate that the capacity of oocytes to promote proliferation of granulosa cells follows a developmental program, closely linked to oocyte meiotic status, increasing with the acquisition of meiotic competence and declining during and after oocyte maturation.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
61 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A large number of studies have contributed to understanding the general mechanisms driving ovarian folliculogenesis in humans and show a complex endocrine dialog between the central nervous system, the pituitary and the ovary, integrated by various intraovarian paracrine messages. The role of intraovarian paracrine regulation has acquired more relevance in the recent years owing to the discovery of previously unknown factors, such as the oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)15.
    Human reproduction update. 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether the consumption of detoxified castor meal (DCM) by goats over a long period of time affects mRNA levels in oocytes, and in mural granulosa and cumulus cells. A total of 41 adult does were supplemented (DCM group, n=21) or not (control group, n=20) with detoxified castor meal (DCM) for a period of 500 days. Then, 13 and 12 does were randomly selected for slaughter from the DCM and control treatments groups, respectively, for the determination of the number of visible ovarian follicles, retrieved cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), and viable and non-viable oocytes. The relative expression levels for distinct genes were determined by quantitative PCR in viable immature oocytes prior to in vitro maturation (IVM), in oocytes attaining or not the metaphase stage after IVM, as well as in granulosa cells obtained upon oocyte collection, and in cumulus cells obtained after IVM. The number of follicles ≥4mm did not differ between treatments (overall mean 23.3±2.0) and no significant differences were observed in the recovery of viable, non-viable, or total mean numbers of oocytes (control group: 44.7±4.6, DCM group: 54.9±5.9, respectively) between control and DCM fed goats. The maturation rate was significantly higher for control than DCM oocytes (58.0% vs. 45.3%; P<0.05). The mRNA levels in immature COC for controls were significantly higher for GLUT1 and lower for HSP70 (P<0.05) than for DCM. Following maturation, MII oocytes from both treatments had mRNA levels that were significantly higher for GDF9 and lower for BMP15 than for NC oocytes (P<0.05). In cumulus cells, the mRNA levels were significantly higher for LHR, FSHR, LeptinR, and IGF1, and lower for MnSOD in the control group compared with the DCM group (P<0.05). In conclusion, the inclusion of DCM in goat feed for long periods of time changed gene expression in immature oocytes and in cumulus cells. This was reflected by a decrease in the in vitro oocyte maturation rate.
    Animal reproduction science. 06/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to improve the yield of mature oocytes from in vitro-culture of ovarian primary follicles by optimizing follicle retrieval from neonatal mice of different ages. Primary follicles of 75 to 99 μm in diameter were collected daily from 7- to 14-day-old neonatal mice, and subsequently cultured in α-MEM medium. Number of primary follicles isolated, growth of the follicle during in vitro-culture and maturation of intrafollicular oocytes were monitored. Overall, mean number of preantral follicles per animal was improved from 10.7 to 88.7 as the age of follicle donors was increased from 7 to 14-day-old. Number of primary follicles was increased gradually up to 11-day-old (35.7 follicle per an animal), then reduced to 29 in 14-day-old (p = 0.0013). More follicles retrieved from 10-day-old or 11-day-old females maintained their morphological normality at the end of primary culture than the follicles retrieved from 9-day-old. Of those cultured, primary follicles retrieved from 11-day-old mice yielded largest larger number of early secondary follicles than the follicles retrieved from in the other ages (39 vs. 13 to 29%). More than 3.3-times increase (0.86 to 2.86; p<0.05) in an average number of mature oocytes per animal was observed in the group of 11-day-old, compared with 9-day-old. However, no difference was found in the percentage of primary follicles developing into the pseudoantral stage (21 to 30%; p = 0.5222) and in the percentage of oocytes mucified (32 to 39%; p = 0.5792). In conclusion, a positive correlation between retrieval time and follicle growth was detected, which influences the efficiency to derive mature oocytes by follicle culture.
    Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 05/2012; 25(5):629-34. · 0.64 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
3 Downloads
Available from
Aug 7, 2014