Tiredness as determinant of subsequent use of health and social services among nondisabled elderly people.
ABSTRACT To examine whether self-reported tiredness in daily activities at age 75 is an independent determinant of incident hospitalization and use of home services 5 years later.
In all, 275 people participated in a prospective study in Glostrup, Denmark, when they were 75 and 80 years old. Four subgroups were created according to whether participants had been hospitalized or used home care in the year before the baseline study and whether or not they were disabled at the time. The key predictor variables were measured by two scales about tiredness in daily activities.
Nondisabled individuals who felt tired in their daily activities had about twice the risk of being hospitalized and of being users of home help 5 years later.
Because tiredness in daily activities is related to subsequent hospitalization and use of home help, it should be taken seriously in preventive services among elderly people.
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ABSTRACT: Restorative sleep is an important factor for well-being, performance and quality of life. The basic diagnostic procedure of a sleep disorder is to take a comprehensive sleep history. Sleep disorders can and must be distinguished from the physiological changes of sleep in the elderly. Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping), daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia), sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) and movement disorders during sleep are also common in the elderly. They must be detected because they are treatable and can dominate the clinical picture of geriatric syndromes. Nursing home residents and dementia patients are in particular need of attention as their sleep is often adversely affected by the living environment and the daily institutional routine.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the association between the 5 subscales of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and physical function in late mid-life. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A population-based sample of adults who participated in the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank population cohort (n = 4,964; age 49-63 years). Methods: Self-reported fatigue was measured using the MFI-20 comprising: general fatigue, physical fatigue, reduced activity, reduced motivation, and mental fatigue. Handgrip strength and chair rise tests were used as measures of physical function. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine the associations between handgrip strength and the chair rise test with the MFI-20 subscales, adjusted for potential confounders. Results: After adjustments for potential confounders, handgrip strength was associated with physical fatigue (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-0.86); p ≤ 0.001) and reduced motivation (adjusted OR 0.85 (95% CI 0.75-0.96); p ≤ 0.05), but not with the other subscales. After these adjustments, the chair rise test was associated with physical fatigue (adjusted OR 0.61 (0.53-0.69); p ≤ 0.001), general fatigue (adjusted OR 0.72 (0.62-0.84); p ≤ 0.001), reduced activity (adjusted OR 0.79 (0.70-0.90); p ≤ 0.001) and reduced motivation (adjusted OR 0.84 (0.74-0.95); p ≤ 0.01), but not with mental fatigue. Subgroup analyses for sex did not show statistically significant different associations between physical function and fatigue. Conclusion: The present study supports the physiological basis of 4 subscales of the MFI-20. The association between fatigue and function was independent of gender.Journal of rehabilitation medicine: official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 05/2014; 46(7). DOI:10.2340/16501977-1814 · 1.88 Impact Factor