Stanford presenteeism scale: health status and employee productivity.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5718, USA.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.8). 02/2002; 44(1):14-20. DOI: 10.1097/00043764-200201000-00004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Workforce productivity has become a critical factor in the strength and sustainability of a company's overall business performance. Absenteeism affects productivity; however, even when employees are physically present at their jobs, they may experience decreased productivity and below-normal work quality--a concept known as decreased presenteeism. This article describes the creation and testing of a presenteeism scale evaluating the impact of health problems on individual performance and productivity. A total of 175 county health employees completed the 34-item Stanford Presenteeism Scale (SPS-34). Using these results, we identified six key items to describe presenteeism, resulting in the SPS-6. The SPS-6 has excellent psychometric characteristics, supporting the feasibility of its use in measuring health and productivity. Further validation of the SPS-6 on actual presenteeism (work loss data) or health status (health risk assessment or utilization data) is needed.

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