Analysis of 676 cases of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast from 1971 to 1995: diagnosis and treatment--the experience of one institute.
ABSTRACT Six hundred seventy-six patients with ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS) from 1971 to 1995 were included in the study. Computerized patient files were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical findings were less frequently reported to reveal DCIS after 1989. Positive mammographic findings were obtained in 87% of patients and were mainly represented by microcalcifications (79.4%). Treatment procedures were breast-conserving surgery (BCS) alone (37.5%), BCS followed by radiation (BCSR) (25.5%), or mastectomy (M) (37%). The actuarial local recurrence was 2.6% in the M group (94 months of follow-up), 14.5% in the BCS group (85,7 months of follow-up), and 7.5% in the BCSR group (78.8 months of follow-up). Predictive factors of recurrence in all patients were invaded margin status and age. In the BCS group, grade was also a predictive factor. The analysis per decade shows that the lesions currently diagnosed are less serious than those of the past. All the recurrence in patients with positive margins was in the same quadrant as the original lesion. This further emphasizes the need for clear margins.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. This article reviews current management strategies for DCIS in the context of recent randomised trials, including the role of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) and endocrine treatment. Methods. Literature review facilitated by Medline, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases. Results. DCIS should be managed in the context of a multidisciplinary team. Local control depends upon clear surgical margins (at least 2 mm is generally acceptable). SLNB is not routine, but can be considered in patients undergoing mastectomy (Mx) with risk factors for occult invasion. RT following BCS significantly reduces local recurrence (LR), particularly in those at high-risk. There remains a lack of level-1 evidence supporting omission of adjuvant RT in selected low-risk cases. Large, multi-centric or recurrent lesions should be treated by Mx and immediate reconstruction should be discussed. Adjuvant hormonal treatment may reduce the risk of LR in selected cases with hormone sensitive disease. Conclusion. Further research is required to determine the role of new RT regimes and endocrine therapies. Biological profiling and molecular analysis represent an opportunity to improve our understanding of tumour biology in DCIS to rationalise treatment. Reliable identification of low-risk lesions could allow treatment to be less radical.International journal of surgical oncology. 01/2012; 2012:347385.
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ABSTRACT: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) represents a spectrum of heterogenous disease that accounts for approximately one fifth of all screen-detected breast cancers and is considered as a precursor of invasive breast cancer if left untreated (35-50% risk). DCIS can be treated by total mastectomy with or without immediate breast reconstruction, local excision (LE) plus adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) or LE alone. Total mastectomy is associated with low rates of local recurrence (1.4%) and breast cancer-specific mortality (0.59%). Three recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated that adjuvant RT after LE of localized DCIS significantly reduces the incidence of local recurrence. However these trials did not identify any subgroups of patients where RT could be safely omitted. Retrospective studies suggest that RT can be safely omitted after adequate LE (margin width > or =1 cm) of small (< 15 mm), non-high grade DCIS not associated with necrosis. Further RCTs are required to validate these retrospective findings, with an emphasis on standardized and meticulous tissue processing and pathological evaluation. The role of adjuvant tamoxifen in the management of DCIS continues to evolve. Formal axillary dissection is not appropriate for DCIS, however, the potential role of the sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in selected high risk cases requires further evaluation. The International Breast Cancer Intervention Study (IBIS-II) trial aims to evaluate the potential role of third generation aromatase inhibitors in postmenopausal women with hormone-sensitive DCIS.Future research will focus on the relevance of gene expression profiling, proteomics, Laser therapy and mammary ductoscopy to the management of DCIS.European Journal of Surgical Oncology 03/2003; 29(2):191-7. · 2.50 Impact Factor