The 5-HT(2A) receptor gene 102T/C polymorphism is associated with suicidal behavior in depressed patients.

Unitat d'Antropologia, Departament de Biologia Animal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
American Journal of Medical Genetics (Impact Factor: 3.23). 01/2002; 105(8):801-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Several lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors constitute an important determinant of suicidal behavior. A significant association between the 5-HT(2A)-C allele and suicidality has recently been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the proposed association between 5-HT(2A)-102T/C polymorphism and suicidality could be replicated in a larger and independent sample of Spanish patients with major depression. The 102T/C polymorphism of the 5-HT(2A) receptor gene was analyzed in 159 patients with major depression (DSM-IV criteria) and 164 unrelated and healthy controls using a case control design. All individuals were subjects of Spanish origin. Significant differences in allele (chi-square = 4.13, df = 1, P = 0.04) and genotype (chi-square = 6.19, df = 2, P = 0.04) distributions were found between non-suicide attempters and suicide attempters. Moreover, those patients carrying 5-HT(2A)-C allele had more than five times the risk for attempting suicide than noncarriers (OR = 5.50, 95% CI = 1.18-35.20, P = 0.01). Our results replicate the proposed association between 5HT(2A)-C allele and suicidality in major depression. Moreover, no overall associations are detected when patients with major depression and controls are compared for 102T/C frequencies, suggesting that the increased risk for suicidality conferred by 5-HT(2A)-C allele is primarily associated with suicidal behavior and not with the diagnosis of major depression itself.

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