The 5-HT(2A) receptor gene 102T/C polymorphism is associated with suicidal behavior in depressed patients.
ABSTRACT Several lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors constitute an important determinant of suicidal behavior. A significant association between the 5-HT(2A)-C allele and suicidality has recently been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the proposed association between 5-HT(2A)-102T/C polymorphism and suicidality could be replicated in a larger and independent sample of Spanish patients with major depression. The 102T/C polymorphism of the 5-HT(2A) receptor gene was analyzed in 159 patients with major depression (DSM-IV criteria) and 164 unrelated and healthy controls using a case control design. All individuals were subjects of Spanish origin. Significant differences in allele (chi-square = 4.13, df = 1, P = 0.04) and genotype (chi-square = 6.19, df = 2, P = 0.04) distributions were found between non-suicide attempters and suicide attempters. Moreover, those patients carrying 5-HT(2A)-C allele had more than five times the risk for attempting suicide than noncarriers (OR = 5.50, 95% CI = 1.18-35.20, P = 0.01). Our results replicate the proposed association between 5HT(2A)-C allele and suicidality in major depression. Moreover, no overall associations are detected when patients with major depression and controls are compared for 102T/C frequencies, suggesting that the increased risk for suicidality conferred by 5-HT(2A)-C allele is primarily associated with suicidal behavior and not with the diagnosis of major depression itself.
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ABSTRACT: An association between serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR), encoded by HTR2A gene, and major depressive disorder (MDD) has been suggested. Here, we combined preclinical and ecological clinical approaches to explore the impact of impaired 5-HT2AR-mediated transmission on MDD or anxio-depressive-like phenotype in mice. Htr2a knock-out mice (Htr2a-/- ) and wild-type mice were compared for the ability of chronic corticosterone to elicit some anxio-depressive-like phenotype in three behavioral paradigms (elevated plus maze, tail suspension test and splash test). Accordingly, two single nucleotide polymorphisms of the HTR2A gene (rs6314 ie His452Tyr and rs6313 ie 102C/T), which specific allelic variants may decrease 5-HT2AR-mediated transmission (as in Htr2a-/-mice), were studied in a sample of 485 Caucasian patients with MDD. In response to chronic corticosterone exposure, Htr2a-/- mice displayed more pronounced anxiodepressive-like phenotype than wild-type mice, as shown by a significant higher “emotionality score” (p < 0.01). In patients, the C allele of rs6313 was more frequent in depressed patients (p = 0.019) and was also associated with a more severe major depressive episode (p = 0.03). This translational and ecological study involving constitutive Htr2a-/- knock-out mice and related SNPs in depressed patients suggests that a lower neurotransmission at the 5-HT2AR may favor the susceptibility and severity of MDE. It also suggests that specific allelic variants of the rs6313 and rs6314 may reduce 5-HT2AR-mediated transmission.Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 10/2014; 54:76–82. DOI:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2014.04.013 · 4.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigated a relationship between selected polymorphisms: rs6313 in HTR2A, rs6295 in HTR1A and rs1386494 in TPH2, and suicidal behaviour in 150 alcohol-dependent patients. There was a significant association between more frequent C102C genotype in HTR2A and suicide attempts in alcoholic females. No differences in genotype distribution in HTR1A and TPH2 SNPs were found between patients with and without suicide attempts.Psychiatry Research 05/2011; 190(1):149-51. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2011.04.027 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Serotonergic system-related genes can be good candidate genes for both major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidal behavior. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of serotonin 2A receptor gene -1438A/G SNP (HTR2A -1438A/G), tryptophan hydroxylase 2 gene -703G/T SNP (TPH2 -703G/T) and serotonin 1A receptor C-1019G (HTR1A C-1019G) with suicidal behavior. One hundred and eighty one suicidal depressed patients and 143 non-suicidal depressed patients who met DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder were recruited from patients who were admitted to Korea University Ansan Hospital. One hundred seventy six normal controls were healthy volunteers who were recruited by local advertisement. Patients and normal controls were genotyped for HTR2A -1438A/G, TPH2 -703G/T and 5-HT1A C-1019G. The suicidal depressed patients were evaluated by the lethality of individual suicide attempts using Weisman and Worden's risk-rescue rating (RRR) and the Lethality Suicide Attempt Rating Scale-updated (LSARS-II). In order to assess the severity of depressive symptoms of patients, Hamilton's Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) was administered. Genotype and allele frequencies were compared between groups by chi(2) statistics. Association of genotype of the candidate genes with the lethality of suicidal behavior was examined with ANOVA by comparing the mean scores of LSARS and RRR according to the genotype. There were statistically significant differences in the genotype distributions and allele frequencies of TPH2 -703G/T between the suicidal depressive group and the normal control group. The homozygous allele G (G/G genotype) frequency was significantly higher in suicidal depressed patients than in controls. However, no differences in either genotype distribution or in allele frequencies of HTR2A -1438A/G and HTR1A C-1019G were observed between the suicidal depressed patients, the non-suicidal depressed patients, and the normal controls. There were no differences in the lethality of suicidal behavior in suicidal depressed patients according to the genotypes of three polymorphisms. Our results suggest that TPH2 -703G/T SNP may have an important effect on susceptibility to suicidal behavior. Furthermore, an increased frequency of G allele of TPH2 SNP may be associated with elevated suicidal behavior itself rather than with the diagnosis of major depression and may increase risk of suicidality, independent of diagnosis.Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 02/2009; 33(3):403-9. DOI:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2008.12.013 · 4.03 Impact Factor