Cloning and functional expression of human short TRP7, a candidate protein for store-operated Ca2+ influx.
ABSTRACT The regulation and control of plasma membrane Ca(2+) fluxes is critical for the initiation and maintenance of a variety of signal transduction cascades. Recently, the study of transient receptor potential channels (TRPs) has suggested that these proteins have an important role to play in mediating capacitative calcium entry. In this study, we have isolated a cDNA from human brain that encodes a novel transient receptor potential channel termed human TRP7 (hTRP7). hTRP7 is a member of the short TRP channel family and is 98% homologous to mouse TRP7 (mTRP7). At the mRNA level hTRP7 was widely expressed in tissues of the central nervous system, as well as some peripheral tissues such as pituitary gland and kidney. However, in contrast to mTRP7, which is highly expressed in heart and lung, hTRP7 was undetectable in these tissues. For functional analysis, we heterologously expressed hTRP7 cDNA in an human embryonic kidney cell line. In comparison with untransfected cells depletion of intracellular calcium stores in hTRP7-expressing cells, using either carbachol or thapsigargin, produced a marked increase in the subsequent level of Ca(2+) influx. This increased Ca(2+) entry was blocked by inhibitors of capacitative calcium entry such as La(3+) and Gd(3+). Furthermore, transient transfection of an hTRP7 antisense expression construct into cells expressing hTRP7 eliminated the augmented store-operated Ca(2+) entry. Our findings suggest that hTRP7 is a store-operated calcium channel, a finding in stark contrast to the mouse orthologue, mTRP7, which is reported to enhance Ca(2+) influx independently of store depletion, and suggests that human and mouse TRP7 channels may fulfil different physiological roles.
Article: The diacylgylcerol-sensitive TRPC3/6/7 subfamily of cation channels: functional characterization and physiological relevance.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Among the "classical" or "canonical" transient receptor potential (TRPC) family, the TRPC3, -6, and -7 channels share 75% amino acid identity and are gated by exposure to diacylglycerol. TRPC3, TRPC6, and TRPC7 interact physically and coassemble to form functional tetrameric channels. This review focuses on the TRPC3/6/7 subfamily and describes their functional properties and regulation as homomers obtained from overexpression studies in cell lines. It also summarizes their heteromultimerization potential in vitro and in vivo and presents initial data concerning their physiological functions analyzed in isolated tissues with downregulated channel activity and gene-deficient mouse models.Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology 11/2005; 451(1):72-80. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Endocrine pituitary cells are neuronlike; they express numerous voltage-gated sodium, calcium, potassium, and chloride channels and fire action potentials spontaneously, accompanied by a rise in intracellular calcium. In some cells, spontaneous electrical activity is sufficient to drive the intracellular calcium concentration above the threshold for stimulus-secretion and stimulus-transcription coupling. In others, the function of these action potentials is to maintain the cells in a responsive state with cytosolic calcium near, but below, the threshold level. Some pituitary cells also express gap junction channels, which could be used for intercellular Ca(2+) signaling in these cells. Endocrine cells also express extracellular ligand-gated ion channels, and their activation by hypothalamic and intrapituitary hormones leads to amplification of the pacemaking activity and facilitation of calcium influx and hormone release. These cells also express numerous G protein-coupled receptors, which can stimulate or silence electrical activity and action potential-dependent calcium influx and hormone release. Other members of this receptor family can activate calcium channels in the endoplasmic reticulum, leading to a cell type-specific modulation of electrical activity. This review summarizes recent findings in this field and our current understanding of the complex relationship between voltage-gated ion channels, ligand-gated ion channels, gap junction channels, and G protein-coupled receptors in pituitary cells.Endocrine reviews 12/2010; 31(6):845-915. · 19.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Members of the classic type of transient receptor potential channels (TRPC) represent important molecules involved in hormonal signal transduction. TRPC3/6/7 channels are of particular interest as they are components of phospholipase C driven signalling pathways. Upon receptor-activation, G-protein-mediated stimulation of phospholipase C results in breakdown of phosphatidylinositides leading to increased intracellular diacylglycerol and inositol-trisphosphate levels. Diacylglycerol activates protein kinase C, but more interestingly diacylglycerol directly activates TRPC2/3/6/7 channels. Molecular cloning, expression and characterization of TRP channels enabled reassignment of traditional inhibitors of receptor-dependent calcium entry such as SKF-96365 and 2-APB as blockers of TRPC3/6/7 and several members of non-classic TRP channels. Furthermore, several enzyme inhibitors have also been identified as TRP channel blockers, such as ACA, a phospholipase A(2) inhibitor, and W-7, a calmodulin antagonist. Finally, the naturally occurring secondary plant compound hyperforin has been identified as TRPC6-selective drug, providing an exciting proof of concept that it is possible to generate TRPC-selective channel modulators. The description of Pyr3 as the first TRPC3-selective inhibitor shows that not only nature but also man is able to generate TRP-selective modulators. The review summarizes the data on pharmacological modification of TRPC3/6/7. Sheds lights on the current knowledge and historical development of pharmacological modulators of TRPC3/6/7. Our analysis indicates that Pyr3 and hyperforin provide promising core structures for the development of new, skeletive and more potent modulators of TRPC3/6/7 activity.Current pharmaceutical biotechnology 11/2010; 12(1):35-41. · 3.40 Impact Factor