Efficacy and safety of recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone in men with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

Centre for Neuro-endocrinology, Royal Free Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
Fertility and Sterility (Impact Factor: 4.17). 02/2002; 77(2):270-3. DOI: 10.1016/S0015-0282(01)02973-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To assess the efficacy and safety of recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (rhFSH; follitropin alpha) in increasing sperm concentration in 26 men with severe isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH).
Clinical and endocrine studies using an open design.
Six university clinical sites in three European countries.
Azoospermatic patients aged 16 to 48 years with IHH.
Patients received hCG for up to 6 months before 18 months of treatment with rhFSH. Sperm count, motility, and morphology were assessed every 3 months.
Achievement of a sperm concentration of 1.5 x 10(6)/mL.
Spermatogenesis was achieved in 15 of 19 patients who could be evaluated, 12 achieving a sperm concentration of > or =1.5 x 10(6)/mL.
With hCG, rhFSH is effective in initiating spermatogenesis in patients with IHH, and is well tolerated.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A bull was referred for a progressive oligoasthenotheratozoospermia that resulted in a unsuitable seminal quality for the cryopreservation. Breeding soundness evaluation results suggested gonadal dysfunction. Because of the lack of normal ranges for these hormones in the bull, in this study, the hypogonadism and the site of the dysfunction (hypothalamus) were diagnosed by the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test. The evaluation of pituitary and testicular responsiveness by a GnRH stimulating test revealed a responsiveness of the pituitary and testis, thus a secondary hypogonadism (hypothalamic hypogonadism) was postulated and a therapeutic approach based on the subcutaneous administration of GnRH analog was attempted. An increase in semen volume, concentration and sperm characteristics were detected 9 weeks after the start of the treatment, corroborating the hypothalamic origin of the disease and the useful of the GnRH therapy.
    The Veterinary quarterly. 04/2012; 32(1):51-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) causes pubertal failure and infertility in both women and men due to partial or total secretory failure of the two pituitary gonadotropins lutropin (LH) and follitropin (FSH) during periods of physiological activation of the gonadotropic axis. Men and women with CHH frequently seek treatment for infertility after hypogonadism therapy. Some etiologies, such as autosomal dominant or X-linked Kallmann syndrome, raise the question of hereditary transmission, leading to increasing demands for genetic counseling and monitoring of medically assisted pregnancies. Diagnosis and treatment of newborn boys is, therefore, becoming an increasingly important issue. In male individuals with complete forms of CHH, the antenatal and neonatal gonadotropin deficit leads to formation of a micropenis and cryptorchidism, which could undermine future sexual and reproductive functions. Standard treatments, usually started after the age of puberty, often only partially correct the genital abnormalities and spermatogenesis. The aim of this Review is to examine the possible additional benefits of neonatal gonadotropin therapy in male patients with CHH. Encouraging results of neonatal therapy, together with a few reports of prepubertal treatment, support the use of this novel therapeutic strategy aimed at improving sexual and reproductive functions in adulthood.
    Nature Reviews Endocrinology 01/2011; 8(3):172-82. · 11.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze pathophysiological changes after testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) and microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) procedures. Twenty four mature male Wistar albino rats with a proven breeding history, weighing approximately 200-250 gm were used for the study. Animals were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6), i.e., control, sham-control, unilateral TESA, and MESA. Using a 22G needle, the aspiration procedures were done in testis or caudal epididymis. At the end of 60 days of survival, blood samples were collected and processed for antisperm antibody detection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). After euthanasia, testes and epididymides were collected and processed for paraffin embedding. Sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and TUNEL technique. Serum antisperm antibody titer significantly increased in TESA (P < 0.001) when compared to MESA. Histomorphometric analysis indicated testicular alterations in TESA and MESA, with significant damage in TESA in both testes (P < 0.001). Following the MESA procedure, ipsilateral caudal and carpus epididymis showed significant alterations (P < 0.001) and no such alterations were seen in the ipsilateral caput and intact contralateral epididymis. TUNEL staining revealed an up-regulation of apoptosis in both contra- and ipsilateral testes of TESA. Needle prick had produced drastic and irreversible alterations in testis of TESA. Ensuing processes of immunological and inflammatory reaction had the potential to disrupt spermatogenesis and increase germ cell apoptosis. However, extrapolating conclusions from the experimental model to the clinic needs to be done cautiously.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 06/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor