Oncogenic, moderately immunogenic, MHC class I- and class II-, B7-, MK16/1/III ABC (MK16) cells were previously established by co-transfection of HPV16 E6/E7 and activated H-ras oncogene DNA into C57BL/6 kidney cells. Subcutaneous transplantation of these cells produced progressively growing local neoplasms which metastasized spontaneously to lungs and lymph nodes. The MK16 cells were implanted into syngeneic mice and used to examine whether the tumour lacking the signal molecules required for the induction of and sensitivity to T cell immunity is susceptible to local IL-2 treatment and IL-2 gene therapy. Peritumoural administration of human rIL-2 or murine IL-2 gene-modified MK16 tumour vaccine inhibited growth of subcutaneous MK16 tumour transplants and reduced the number of their lung metastases. Spleen cells from MK16 tumour-immunized mice were not cytolytic when allowed to react with the MK16 target cells, although they efficiently lysed the MHC class I+ malignant TC1 cells, obtained from C57BL/6 lung cell cultures after transfection with the same plasmids as those used for the derivation of the MK16 cells. However, when the MK16 cells were cultivated in vitro in the presence of IFNgamma, they acquired, together with the expression of MHC class I molecules, the sensitivity to the cytolytic effect of spleen cells from the MK16 tumour-immunized mice. These results indicate that experimental tumours which are MHC class I- and mimick in this respect a high proportion of human HPV16-associated carcinomas are suitable for IL-2 treatment.
"Due to the redundancy of direct priming of CD8 + CTLs and tumour antigen cross-priming through dendritic cells, even MHC class I ñ tumour cells can induce MHC class I-restricted CTLs. However, the MHC class I ñ tumour cells will not bind the induced CTLs and will not be destroyed by them, unless MHC class I molecule expression is upregulated on the tumour targets (Indrov· et al., 2002). Despite the MHC class I molecule deficiences and the resulting resistance of the MHC class I ñ tumours to the CD8 + CTLs, in the HPV 16-related and some other experimental tumour systems the tumour hosts were found to be capable of being immunized against MHC class I ñ tumours (for review, see BubenÌk, 2002). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been found previously that IL-2, IFNgamma and GM-CSF were capable of reducing the recurrence rate of HPV 16-associated tumours in mice with SMRTD. We were interested whether the therapeutic effect of the surgery and adjuvant cytokine treatment was accompanied by cytolytic activity of spleen cells and whether the activity of the spleen cells was different in mice that had rejected tumour residua after surgery and adjuvant therapy with cytokines (tumour regressors) as compared to those that had not rejected the tumour residua (tumour progressors). We have examined the cytolytic activity of spleen cells from MHC class I+ TC-1 tumour regressors and progressors after treatment of TC-1 SMRTD with GM-CSF, and the activity of spleen cells from MHC class I- MK16 tumour regressors and progressors after treatment of MK16 SMRTD with IL-2 and IFNgamma. It has been found that irrespective of the tumour type and adjuvant treatment, the spleen cells from tumour regressors after surgery were regularly more cytolytic when allowed to react with target cells from HPV 16-associated tumours than the spleen cells from tumour progressors. No substantial differences between the cytolytic activity of spleen cells from the operated-only and operated plus cytokine (GM-CSF, IL-2, IFNgamma) adjuvant treated groups were observed. The cytolytic activity of spleen cells from mice with SMRTD allowed to react with MHC class I+ , MHC class I-, NK-sensitive and NK-resistant targets is compatible with the interpretation that in the mice with MHC class I+ TC-1 tumours, primarily cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were efficient, whereas in the mice with MHC class I- MK16 tumours, both NK and non-lymphocytic effector cells were involved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: La terapia génica es una excelente alternativa para el tratamiento de muchas enfermedades. La capacidad para manipular el DNA ha permitido dirigir la terapia génica para corregir la función de un gen alterado, aumentar la expresión de un gen o activar la respuesta inmune. Así, se puede proponer el uso del DNA como un medicamento capaz de controlar, corregir o curar una enfermedad. La terapia génica contra cáncer tiene un potencial enorme, y en la última década se han obtenido resultados muy alentadores del uso del DNA para controlar diversas neoplasias en modelos animales, lo cual ha permitido su aplicación en protocolos experimentales en humanos. Esta revisión concentra una reseña de los fundamentos de la terapia génica y su aplicación en cáncer cervical, desde el punto de vista de las alteraciones de la respuesta inmune enfocadas al microambiente tumoral y el uso de las citocinas como moduladores de la respuesta inmune.
Salud publica de Mexico 12/2005; DOI:10.1590/S0036-36342005000600011 · 0.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Moderately immunogenic HPV 16-associated tumours TC-1 (MHC class I(+), HPV 16 E6/E7(+), G12V Ha-ras(+)) and MK16/1/III ABC (MHC class I(-), HPV 16 E6/E7(+), G12V Ha-ras(+)), both of the H-2(b) haplotype and transplanted in syngeneic mice, were used to examine the adjuvant effects of IL-2 and dendritic cells for surgical therapy. Mice were inoculated s.c. with the respective tumour cells, and when the tumours reached 8-12 mm in diameter, they were extirpated. Three days after surgery, the experimental mice were treated with IL-2, IL-2 gene-modified tumour vaccines, or dendritic cells, injected s.c. to the site of previous surgery. It has been found in both, MHC class I(+) and MHC class I(-) tumours that the recombinant IL-2 and IL-2 gene-modified vaccines substantially reduced the tumour recurrence rate and inhibited growth of tumour recurrences. The dendritic cells were significantly effective only in mice with surgical minimal residual TC-1 (MHC class I(+)) tumour disease and when injected before they have reached the terminal stage of their differentiation.
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