CD5-induced apoptosis of B cells in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Institut de Synergie des Sciences et de la Santé, Brest University Medical School, Brest, France.
Leukemia (Impact Factor: 9.38). 02/2002; 16(1):44-52. DOI: 10.1038/sj.leu.2402327
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by prolonged survival of CD5(+) B cells in vivo, these cells apoptose spontaneously in vitro. The effect of CD5 ligation on apoptosis was studied in 27 newly diagnosed patients with B-CLL, in relation to the expression of surface IgM (sIgM), CD79b, CD38, CD72 and CD19. B cells from 15 patients (group I) were resistant to anti-CD5-induced apoptosis, whereas apoptosis above spontaneous levels was seen in the remaining 12 studied (group II). Group II was then subdivided on the basis of differences in the time required to reach maximum apoptosis: whilst B cells from seven patients underwent apoptosis by 18 h, those from the remaining five needed 36 h to apoptose. The expression of sIgM, CD5, CD79b and CD38 was higher in group II than group I, suggesting that signaling for apoptosis might operate via CD79, and that CD38 expression was required. As shown by flow cytometry and confirmed by Western blotting, apoptosis was associated with a decrease in the ratios of Bcl-2/Bax and Bcl(XL)/Bax, due to an increase in the level of Bax, but no change in that of Bcl-2. This heterogeneous apoptotic response to CD5 ligation offers an explanation for the incomplete success of anti-CD5 monoclonal therapy, and might help identify patients who would respond to such treatment.

Download full-text


Available from: Pierre Youinou, Mar 19, 2014
  • Source
    • "In B-CLL there are few studies to date which have addressed the possible role of CD5 molecule in activation or proliferation processes, the activation of A-SMase has been shown to occur after CD5 cross-linking [25], as well as the induction of IL-2 and a discrete proliferation of leukaemic B cells [26]. In contrast, the majority of works have reported CD5-induced apoptosis in these lymphoproliferative disease [27] [28] [29]. There are few data concerning CD5-signalling pathway in B-CLL, but recently Renaudineau et al. [30] have proposed that signals from CD5 could be transduced via CD79 in the vicinity of the BCR. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by an accumulation of B lymphocytes expressing CD5. To date, the biological significance of this molecule in B-CLL B cells remains to be elucidated. In this study, we have analysed the functional consequences of the binding of an anti-CD5 antibody on B-CLL B cells. To this purpose, we have measured the percentage of viability of B-CLL B cells in the presence or in the absence of anti-CD5 antibodies and also examined some of the biochemical events downstream the CD5-signalling. We demonstrate that anti-CD5 induces phosphorylation of protein tyrosine kinases and protein kinase C (PKC), while no activation of Akt/PKB and MAPKs is detected. This signalling cascade results in viability in a group of patients in which we observe an increase of Mcl-1 levels, whereas the levels of bcl-2, bcl-x(L) and XIAP do not change. We also report that this pathway leads to IL-10 production, an immunoregulatory cytokine that might act as an autocrine growth factor for leukaemic B cells. Inhibition of PKC prevents the induction of Mcl-1 and IL-10, suggesting that the activation of PKC plays an important role in the CD5-mediated survival signals in B cells from a subset of B-CLL patients.
    Leukemia Research 03/2007; 31(2):183-93. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2006.03.021 · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mutational status of tumor immunoglobulin V(H) genes is providing a powerful prognostic marker for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), with patients having tumors expressing unmutated V(H) genes being in a less favorable subset. However, the biologic differences correlating with V(H) gene status that could determine the clinical course of the disease are unknown. Here we show that differing responses to IgM ligation are closely associated with V(H) gene status. Specifically, 80% of cases with unmutated V(H) genes showed increased global tyrosine phosphorylation following IgM ligation, whereas only 20% of samples with mutated V(H) genes responded (P =.0002). There was also an association between response to IgM ligation and expression of CD38 (P =.015). The Syk kinase, critical for transducing B-cell receptor (BCR)- derived signals, was constitutively present in all CLL samples, and there was a perfect association between global phosphorylation and induction of phosphorylation/activation of Syk. Nonresponsiveness to anti-IgM could be circumvented by ligation of IgD (10 of 15 samples tested) or the BCR-associated molecule CD79alpha (12 of 15 samples tested). These results suggest that multiple mechanisms underlie nonresponsiveness to anti-IgM in CLL and that retained responsiveness to anti-IgM contributes to the poor prognosis associated with the unmutated subset of CLL. The prognostic power of the in vitro response to IgM ligation remains to be determined in a large series, but the simple technology involved may present an alternative or additional test for predicting clinical course.
    Blood 03/2003; 101(3):1087-93. DOI:10.1182/blood-2002-06-1822 · 10.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a clonal expansion of CD5+B cells that accumulate due to their uncontrolled growth and resistance to apoptosis. We have previously shown that up to 50% of blood CD4+ T cells in B-CLL patients have a cytotoxicity-related CD28- CD57+ phenotype and high content of both granzyme B and perforin (PF). In this study we investigate the cytotoxic potential of these cells against autologous B-CLL cells. Blood CD4+ or CD8+ T cells were positively isolated from B-CLL patients and cultured under a range of conditions with autologous purified B-CLL cells and with bispecific [anti-CD3 x anti-CD19] antibodies. Apoptosis of labeled B-CLL cells was assessed using the change of mitochondrial membrane potential with the fluorescent dye DiOC6 and confirmed by annexin V binding. There was time- and dose-dependent killing of B-CLL cells by both CD8+ and CD4+ T cells and this ranged from 6.6 - 68.0% for CD4+ cells and 6.4 - 57.8% for CD8+ cells. Almost complete inhibition by concanamycin A suggests that CD4+ T cells like CD8+ T cells induced apoptosis through a perforin-mediated pathway, but not via Fas/FasL (as indicated by lack of blocking with brefeldin A), tumor necrosis factor alpha or TRAIL. This study shows that blood CD4+PF+ T cells enriched in B-CLL patients, are able to kill autologous B-CLL cells ex vivo, through bispecific antibodies via a perforin mediated mechanism.
    Haematologica 05/2004; 89(4):435-43. · 5.87 Impact Factor
Show more