Article

CD5-induced apoptosis of B cells in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Institut de Synergie des Sciences et de la Santé, Brest University Medical School, Brest, France.
Leukemia (Impact Factor: 10.16). 02/2002; 16(1):44-52. DOI: 10.1038/sj.leu.2402327
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by prolonged survival of CD5(+) B cells in vivo, these cells apoptose spontaneously in vitro. The effect of CD5 ligation on apoptosis was studied in 27 newly diagnosed patients with B-CLL, in relation to the expression of surface IgM (sIgM), CD79b, CD38, CD72 and CD19. B cells from 15 patients (group I) were resistant to anti-CD5-induced apoptosis, whereas apoptosis above spontaneous levels was seen in the remaining 12 studied (group II). Group II was then subdivided on the basis of differences in the time required to reach maximum apoptosis: whilst B cells from seven patients underwent apoptosis by 18 h, those from the remaining five needed 36 h to apoptose. The expression of sIgM, CD5, CD79b and CD38 was higher in group II than group I, suggesting that signaling for apoptosis might operate via CD79, and that CD38 expression was required. As shown by flow cytometry and confirmed by Western blotting, apoptosis was associated with a decrease in the ratios of Bcl-2/Bax and Bcl(XL)/Bax, due to an increase in the level of Bax, but no change in that of Bcl-2. This heterogeneous apoptotic response to CD5 ligation offers an explanation for the incomplete success of anti-CD5 monoclonal therapy, and might help identify patients who would respond to such treatment.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
66 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Disability/problems, one phenomenon underlying people's need for health care services, can be viewed both from the perspectives of people with stroke (felt problems), and the health professionals (assessed problems). The aim was to describe felt problems three months after stroke and to explore the concurrence between felt problems and assessed problems. The patients (n=203) received care in the stroke units at Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden. Felt problems, drawn from an open question, were categorized. Results from established assessment tools: Katz Extended Index of ADL (KI); Barthel Index (BI) and Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) represented assessed problems. Items/domains in the assessment tools that corresponded to the categories of felt problems were identified and comparisons performed. The category Fatigue had the largest number of felt problems (n=58, 28%). Fourteen out of the 24 categories of felt problems had corresponding items/domains in the assessment tools. KE/BI failed to identify 16-57% and SIS 0-33% of the felt problems. There was a substantial lack of concurrence between felt and assessed problems. The results indicate that the use of standardized instruments should be complemented by a dialog if health services are to be based on problems experienced by the patients.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 09/2011; 313(1-2):160-6. · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: B lymphocytes from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) display some CD5 transcripts for CD5 containing the known exon 1 (E1A) and other CD5 transcripts containing the new exon 1 (E1B). These malignant B cells, as well as B cell lines transfected with cDNA for E1A-cd5 or with cDNA for E1B-cd5 produce IL-10, raising the possibility that CD5 participates in the secretion of IL-10. We identified transcription factors involved in this production in CD5(+) B lymphocytes from CLL patients and in E1A-cd5-transfected or E1B-cd5-transfected Jok cells. STAT3 is activated via phosphorylation of serine 727 but also NFAT2 through its translocation into the nucleus. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed the role of STAT3 and allowed the discovery of a role for NFAT2 in IL-10 production. Both transcription factors bind not only to the enhancer of the Il-10 gene but also to the promoter of the Il-5 and Il-13 genes. Furthermore, transfection of B cell lines with E1A-cd5 or E1B-cd5 established that activation of STAT3 and NFAT2 is regulated by CD5. The same holds true for the production of IL-10, IL-5, and IL-13 and the expression of the receptors for these cytokines. This interpretation was confirmed by two experiments. In the first, downregulation of CD5 by small interfering RNAs lowered the production of IL-10. In the second experiment, transfection of the GFP-NFAT2 gene into B lymphocytes induced nuclear translocation of NFAT2 in CD5(+) but not in CD5(-) B cells. Thus, CD5 expression is associated with NFAT2 activity (and mildly STAT3 activity), indicating that CD5 controls IL-10 secretion.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2011; 186(8):4835-44. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The increasing availability of different monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) opens the way to more specific biologic therapy of cancer patients. However, despite the significant success of therapy in breast and ovarian carcinomas with anti-HER2 mAbs as well as in non-Hodkin B cell lymphomas with anti-CD20 mAbs, certain B cell malignancies such as B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) respond poorly to anti-CD20 mAb, due to the low surface expression of this molecule. Thus, new mAbs adapted to each types of tumour will help to develop personalised mAb treatment. To this aim, we analyse the biological and therapeutic properties of three mAbs directed against the CD5, CD71 or HLA-DR molecules highly expressed on B-CLL cells. The three mAbs, after purification and radiolabelling demonstrated high and specific binding capacity to various human leukaemia target cells. Further in vitro analysis showed that mAb anti-CD5 induced neither growth inhibition nor apoptosis, mAb anti-CD71 induced proliferation inhibition with no early sign of cell death and mAb anti-HLA-DR induced specific cell aggregation, but without evidence of apoptosis. All three mAbs induced various degrees of ADCC by NK cells, as well as phagocytosis by macrophages. Only the anti-HLA-DR mAb induced complement mediated lysis. Coincubation of different pairs of mAbs did not significantly modify the in vitro results. In contrast with these discrete and heterogeneous in vitro effects, in vivo the three mAbs demonstrated marked anti-tumour efficacy and prolongation of mice survival in two models of SCID mice, grafted either intraperitoneally or intravenously with the CD5 transfected JOK1-5.3 cells. This cell line was derived from a human hairy cell leukaemia, a type of malignancy known to have very similar biological properties as the B-CLL, whose cells constitutively express CD5. Interestingly, the combined injection of anti-CD5 with anti-HLA-DR or with anti-CD71 led to longer mouse survival, as compared to single mAb injection, up to complete inhibition of tumour growth in 100% mice treated with both anti-HLA-DR and anti-CD5. Altogether these data suggest that the combined use of two mAbs, such as anti-HLA-DR and anti-CD5, may significantly enhance their therapeutic potential.
    Molecular Cancer 01/2011; 10:42. · 5.13 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
5 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014