An evaluation of the Norwegian Salmonella surveillance and control program in live pig and pork.
ABSTRACT Population data and apparent prevalence data from the Salmonella surveillance and control program in pigs (NSSCP) from 1998 and 1999 were used in a simulation model to evaluate the efficacy of the program. The model consists of three parts: modelling of individual prevalence at the abattoir (abattoir part), modelling of the number of sampled herds of different sizes when carcasses are randomly sampled at the abattoir (sampling strategy part) and finally, modelling of the within herd prevalence (within herd part). A total of 136,550 sows and 2,866,550 finishing pigs slaughtered, 4446 herds and 11 herds positive for Salmonella in 1994/1995-2000 were included in the abattoir part, sampling strategy part and the within herd part of the model, respectively. The abattoir part showed an average estimated prevalence of Salmonella in sows and finishing pigs of (median) 0.4% (5-95 percentiles = 0.03-2%) and 0.1% (0.04-0.2%) respectively. The estimated number of infected sow carcasses that entered the market was 502 (37-2157) while the estimated number of finishing pig carcasses was 2919 (1218-5771). The probability of being sampled for the 10% smallest herds was (mean) 1.9% (1.6-2.2), to 25% (24.7-26.5%) for the 10% largest herds. The within herd prevalence was estimated to be from 1% to 4% for Norwegian pig herds. The conclusions drawn from this evaluation are that the NSSCP does not have any significant consumer protection effect, and that the documentation could be done more effectively using the herd rather than the individual animal as the unit of sampling. Sampling should focus on the larger herds supplying most of the meat on the market and on herds that produce breeding sows and piglets and thus can contribute to the spread of Salmonella among herds.
Article: Risk factors at slaughter associated with presence of Salmonella on hog carcasses in Canada.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Despite the application of hazard analysis and critical control point systems at slaughter and during processing, Salmonella contamination is still a significant biological hazard associated with pork products. A better understanding of risk factors in slaughterhouses and of contamination sources is therefore critical to improve control of this bacterium in the abattoirs. The objectives of this study were to identify the risk factors at slaughter that are associated with the presence of Salmonella on hog carcasses and to assess possible sources of contamination. A questionnaire on potential risk factors was developed. Over 7,400 hogs originating from 312 randomly selected production lots were tested. The lots were from 10 different abattoirs located in five different Canadian provinces. At slaughter, blood was collected for serological analysis, and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) and carcass swabs were collected for Salmonella analysis. Furthermore, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was conducted to establish the genetic profiles of selected isolates from carcasses and MLN and to compare these profiles with those recovered from the slaughter environment. Multivariate regression analysis results indicated that the cleanliness of the hogs and the status of the scald water were factors significantly associated with the Salmonella status of the carcasses at the end of the slaughter process. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis showed that most isolates from carcasses were similar to those from animals (MLN) or the preevisceration environment.Journal of food protection 11/2009; 72(11):2326-31. · 1.94 Impact Factor