An NMR approach to structural proteomics.

Ontario Cancer Institute and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1L7.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 03/2002; 99(4):1825-30. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042684599
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The influx of genomic sequence information has led to the concept of structural proteomics, the determination of protein structures on a genome-wide scale. Here we describe an approach to structural proteomics of small proteins using NMR spectroscopy. Over 500 small proteins from several organisms were cloned, expressed, purified, and evaluated by NMR. Although there was variability among proteomes, overall 20% of these proteins were found to be readily amenable to NMR structure determination. NMR sample preparation was centralized in one facility, and a distributive approach was used for NMR data collection and analysis. Twelve structures are reported here as part of this approach, which allowed us to infer putative functions for several conserved hypothetical proteins.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Horizontal gene transfer (HGT), non-hereditary transfer of genetic material between organisms, accounts for a significant proportion of the genetic variability in bacteria. In Gram negative bacteria, the nucleoid-associated protein H-NS silences unwanted expression of recently acquired foreign DNA. This, in turn, facilitates integration of the incoming genes into the regulatory networks of the recipient cell. Bacteria belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae express an additional protein, the Hha protein that, by binding to H-NS, potentiates silencing of HGT DNA. We provide here an overview of Hha-like proteins, including their structure and function, as well as their evolutionary relationship. We finally present available information suggesting that, by expressing Hha-like proteins, bacteria such as Escherichia coli facilitate HGT incorporation and hence, the impact of HGT in their genetic diversity.
    Central European Journal of Biology 12/2011; 6(6). · 0.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MTH1880 is a hypothetical protein derived from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, thermophilic methanogen. The solution structure determined by NMR spectroscopy showed that it has a novel -fold with a highly acidic ligand binding pocket. Since MTH1880 maintains its ultra-stable structural characteristics at both high temperature and pressure, it has been considered as an excellent model for studying protein folding. To initiate the structural and folding study of MTH1880 in proving its unusual stability, we performed the site directed mutagenesis and biochemical analysis of MTH1880 mutants. Data from circular dichroism and NMR spectroscopy suggest that the point mutations perturbed the structural stability of protein even though the secondary structure is retained. This study will provide the useful information in understanding the role of participating residues during folding-unfolding process and our result will be used in designing further folding experiments for hyper-thermopile proteins like MTH1880.
    Bulletin- Korean Chemical Society 12/2010; 31(12). · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The holE gene is an enterobacterial ORFan gene. It encodes the θ subunit of the DNA polymerase III core complex. The precise function of the θ subunit within this complex is not well established, and loss of holE does not result in a noticeable phenotype. Paralogs of holE are also present on many conjugative plasmids and on phage P1 (gene hot). In this study we provide evidence indicating that θ (HolE) exhibits structural and functional similarities to a family of nucleoid-associated regulatory proteins, the Hha/YdgT-like proteins that are also encoded by enterobacterial ORFan genes. Microarray studies comparing the transcriptional profiles of Escherichia coli holE, hha and ydgT mutants revealed highly similar expression patterns for strains harboring holE and ydgT alleles. Amongst the genes differentially regulated in both mutants were genes of the tryptophanase (tna) operon. The tna operon consists of a transcribed leader region, tnaL, and two structural genes, tnaA and tnaB. Further experiments with transcriptional lacZ fusions (tnaL::lacZ and tnaA::lacZ) indicate that HolE and YdgT downregulate expression of the tna operon by possibly increasing the level of Rho-dependent transcription termination at the tna operon's leader region. Thus, for the first time, a regulatory function can be attributed to HolE, in addition to its role as structural component of the DNA polymerase III complex.
    Journal of bacteriology 12/2013; · 2.69 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 10, 2014