Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy versus abdominal hysterectomy in stage I endometrial cancer

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jordan University Hospital, P.O. Box 2756, Tela'a Al-Ali 11953, Amman, Jordan.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer (Impact Factor: 1.95). 01/2002; 12(1):57-61. DOI: 10.1046/j.1525-1438.2002.01038.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare laparoscopic treatment for stage I endometrial cancer with the traditional transabdominal approach. From July 1996 to July 1998, 61 patients with clinical stage I endometrial cancer were treated at the Gynaecology Oncology Unit at the Royal North Shore of Sydney, Australia. Twenty-nine patients were treated with laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) and bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy (BSO) plus minus laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy (LPLA), while 32 patients were treated with the traditional laparotomy and underwent total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) and BSO plus minus pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA). The main outcomes studied were operative time, blood loss, blood transfusion, intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, duration of hospital stay, and number of lymph nodes obtained. In conclusion, laparoscopic treatment of endometrial cancer is safe in the hands of experienced operators with minimal intraoperative and postoperative complications. This procedure is associated with significantly less blood loss and shorter hospitalization; however, it is associated with significantly longer operating time. Proper selection of patients for the laparoscopic procedure is the vital step in achieving the major goals of this approach.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Data on patients with endometrial cancer converted to laparotomy are totally lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate surgical and oncological outcomes in patients with endometrial cancer scheduled for laparoscopic staging but converted to laparotomy. Data of consecutive patients who had undergone surgery for staging endometrial cancer in seven Italian centers were reviewed. Patients' characteristics and surgical and oncological data were noted and analyzed according to surgery, i.e. laparotomy, laparoscopy, and laparoscopy converted to laparotomy. Seventy-one out of 512 (13.9 %) patients scheduled to laparoscopy were converted to laparotomy for reasons related to anesthesiology [38/71 (53.5 %)] or surgery [33/71 (46.5 %)]. The conversion rate varied among stages [41/460 (8.9 %), 13/27 (48.1 %), 17/25 (68.0 %) in patients with stage I, II, and endometrial cancers, respectively]. Significant (P < 0.05) differences among groups were detected in patients' age, body mass index and previous pelvic surgery, and in the distribution of stages and histotype of endometrial cancers. The Kaplan-Meier procedure showed that the cumulative probability of first recurrence (P = 0.089, 0.590 and 0.084 for stage I, II and III, respectively) and of death (P = 0.108, 0.567 and 0.372 for stage I, II and III, respectively) categorized by stages did not attain statistical significance by log-rank testing after correction for confounding factors. The surgical and oncological outcomes of converted patients are no different from those of patients staged successfully with laparoscopy or with laparotomy. The conversion to laparotomy should be not considered per se a complication.
    Surgical Endoscopy 07/2014; 28(11). DOI:10.1007/s00464-014-3589-4 · 3.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract In the last few years technical improvements have produced a dramatic shift from traditional open surgery towards a minimally invasive approach for the management of early endometrial cancer. Advancement in minimally invasive surgical approaches has allowed extensive staging procedures to be performed with significantly reduced patient morbidity. Debate is ongoing regarding the choice of a minimally invasive approach that has the most effective benefit for the patients, the surgeon, and the healthcare system as a whole. Surgical treatment of women with presumed early endometrial cancer should take into account the features of endometrial disease and the general surgical risk of the patient. Women with endometrial cancer are often aged, obese, and with cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities that increase the risk of peri-operative complications, so it is important to tailor the extent and the radicalness of surgery in order to decrease morbidity and mortality potentially derivable from unnecessary procedures. In this regard women with negative nodes derive no benefit from unnecessary lymphadenectomy, but may develop short- and long-term morbidity related to this procedure. Preoperative and intraoperative techniques could be critical tools for tailoring the extent and the radicalness of surgery in the management of women with presumed early endometrial cancer. In this review we will discuss updates in surgical management of early endometrial cancer and also the role of preoperative and intraoperative evaluation of lymph node status in influencing surgical options, with the aim of proposing a management algorithm based on the literature and our experience.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 01/2014; 20:1298-1313. DOI:10.12659/MSM.890478 · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Endoscopy has begun to play an increasingly important role in the surgical therapy of uterine cancers. To date, there is no data on the use of laparoscopy to treat endometrial cancer (EC) and cervical cancer (CC). Method: A Germany-wide, anonymised survey was done of all gynaecological clinics/endoscopy clinics, using a standardised questionnaire. Results: A total of 128 clinics responded: 16 university clinics (12.5 %), 30 hospitals offering maximum care (23.4 %), 66 general hospitals (51.5 %), 5 outpatient clinics (3,9 %), 4 physicians in private practice affiliated to hospitals (3.1 %) and 7 hospitals (5.4 %) which did not indicate status. Laparoscopy was used in the treatment of 82 % of all EC and 54 % of CC. Surgery for EC was done completely laparoscopically in 58 % of cases and with laparoscopic assistance using a vaginal approach in 32 % of cases. If lymphadenectomy (LNE) was additionally performed, this was done abdominally in 42 % of cases and laparoscopically in 53 %. Cervical cancer was treated by laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (HE) in 44 % of cases and by radical HE using a vaginal approach in 14 %. 4 % of hospitals reported the use of other endoscopic methods (e.g. DaVinci). While the majority of hospitals (43.3 %) treated more than 75 % of EC patients using laparoscopy, in many clinics (38.3 %) less than 25 % of CC patients were treated using endoscopy. Discussion: Laparoscopy is used more often in EC surgery as compared to surgery for CC. However, there are still major differences between hospitals with regard to case numbers, the number of uterine cancers treated using endoscopic surgery, and the type of endoscopic surgery.
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2013; 73(9):911-917. DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1350877 · 0.96 Impact Factor


Available from
Jan 16, 2015