[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One hundred and fifty immunocompetent and 150 presumably immunocompromised patients suffering from lower respiratory tract infections were enrolled in this study. The clinical specimens were collected from April 2007 to June 2008 and included sputum (247), bronchial wash (80), and blood (300) samples. The identification process employed direct examination, culture, conversion test, and serological study. Among 218 fungal isolates only six were categorized as true pathogenic fungi; two Histoplasma capsulatum, and four Blastomyces dermatitidis. The former isolates were detected in two immunocompromised patients, while the latter isolates were detected in two immunocompetent and two immunocompromised patients.
The Journal of IMA / Islamic Medical Association of North America. 07/2011; 43(2):68-73.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blastomycosis is caused by a dimorphic fungus that can be difficult to diagnose in certain situations. The disease is sometimes serious and can be deadly. Diagnosis by fungal serology and urinary antigens is not easy to establish and unreliable. Culture is also time-consuming and is not easy to perform. Thus, documentation of such an organism on cytology offers a quick and cost-effective alternative. This report describes for the first time identification of the 'negative image' of Blastomyces budding yeast.
A 79-year-old man presented with a left lung nodule associated with mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. Fine needle aspiration was performed, and a 'negative image' of a yeast with wide base budding was noted on Diff-Quik (DQ)-stained smears. Blastomyces species were confirmed with periodic acid-Schiff fungal stain. Additionally, the fungal capsule contained focally polarizable material on Congo red stain and lacked mucin with mucicarmine stain.
Blastomyces yeast forms can be easily identified with DQ staining by their 'negative image'. This feature can be utilized as a quick and cost-effective cytological characteristic to further triage these specimens for confirmation. The information can be of great value to clinicians in making appropriate clinical decisions.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blastomycosis is a chronic fungal infection often diagnosed in the south-central and midwestern United States. Lungs are primarily involved, with lymphatic or hematogenous spread to other organs. Bronchoscopy is considered when the noninvasive tests fail to establish the diagnosis. We describe bronchoscopic finding of blastomycosis involving the upper and lower respiratory tract. Inhaled steroids may have suppressed cellular immunity, allowing fungus to grow in the submucosa with histology significant for extensive eosinophilic infiltration. To our knowledge, such a detailed pictorial description of pulmonary blastomycosis with a cobblestone appearance of the tracheobronchial mucosa has not been reported in the past.
Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology. 10/2009; 16(4):266-9.
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