[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term results of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for chronic myeloid leukemia. A retrospective analysis was carried out of the outcome of 373 consecutive transplants performed at 38 European institutions between 1980 and 1988 and reported to the registry of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. All transplants were carried out for first chronic phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia using unmanipulated marow cells from HLA-identical sibling donors. The probability of survival and leukemia-free survival at 8 years were 54% (95% CI: 49-59) and 47% (95% CI: 41-52) respectively. The probabilities of developing acute GVHD (II-IV) at 100 days and chronic GVHD at 4 years after transplant were 47% (95% CI: 41-53) and 52% (95% CI: 46-58) respectively. The probabilities of transplant-related mortality and leukemic relapse 8 years after BMT were 41% (95% CI: 36-48) and 19% (95% CI: 14-25), respectively. Transplant within 12 months of diagnosis was associated with reduced transplant-related mortality (34 vs 45%, P = 0.013) and resulted in improved leukemia-free survival (52 vs 44%, P = 0.03). The probability of relapse was significantly reduced in patients who developed chronic GVHD (RR = 0.33, P = 0.004). The probability of relapse occurring more than 2 years after transplant was increased more than five-fold in patients transplanted from a male donor (RR = 5.5, P = 0.006). Sixty-seven patients in hematologic remission were studied for residual disease by two-step RT/PCR for BCR-ABL mRNA and 61 (91%) tested negative. We conclude that bone marrow transplantation can induce long-term survival in approximately one-half of CML patients; the majority of survivors have no evidence of residual leukemia cells when studied by molecular techniques. The probability of late relapse is increased with use of a male donor.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 11/1997; 20(7):553-60. · 3.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HLA-A2-restricted T cells show peptide-specific activity against cytomegalovirus and leukaemia cells. We retrospectively analysed the influence of donor cytomegalovirus serostatus on the outcome of 103 consecutive patients who had leukaemia and who received bone-marrow transplants from HLA-identical sibling donors. We found that donor cytomegalovirus seropositivity significantly improved overall survival (p=0.02) as a result of lower relapse incidence (p=0.035) in HLA-A2-positive but not HLA-A2-negative recipients. In HLA-A2-positive recipients donor cytomegalovirus seropositivity was associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), but even in patients without chronic GVHD donor cytomegalovirus seropositivity significantly improved survival (p=0.0483). These preliminary data provide evidence that at least in HLA-A2-positive recipients, transplantation of bone marrow from cytomegalovirus positive, HLA-identical sibling donors seems to be associated with substantial graft-versus-leukaemia activity, and suggests a cross-reactivity of cytomegalovirus-specific donor-derived cytotoxic T cells with HLA-A2-restricted recipient minor histocompatibility antigens.
The Lancet 11/2001; 358(9288):1157-9. · 39.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidence, characteristics, risk factors for, and impact of chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) were evaluated in a consecutive series of 116 evaluable HLA-identical blood stem cell transplant recipients. Minimum follow-up was 18 months. Limited chronic GVHD occurred in 6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0%-13%), and clinical extensive chronic GVHD in 71% (95% CI, 61%-80%). The cumulative incidence was 57% (95% CI, 48%-66%). In univariate analyses, GVHD prophylaxis other than tacrolimus and methotrexate, prior grades 2 to 4 acute GVHD, use of corticosteroids on day 100, and total nucleated cell dose were significant risk factors for clinical extensive chronic GVHD. On multivariate analysis, GVHD prophylaxis with tacrolimus and methotrexate was associated with a reduced risk of chronic GVHD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.35; P =.001), whereas the risk was increased with prior acute GVHD (HR, 1.67; P =.046). When adjusted for disease status at the time of transplantation, high-risk chronic GVHD had an adverse impact on overall mortality (HR, 6.6; P <.001) and treatment failure (HR, 5.2; P <.001) at 18 months. It was concluded that there is a substantial rate of chronic GVHD after HLA-identical allogeneic blood stem cell transplantation, that clinical factors may alter the risk of chronic GVHD, and that high-risk chronic GVHD adversely affects outcome.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.