Article

Socioeconomic disparities in health: Pathways and policies

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Health Affairs (Impact Factor: 4.32). 03/2002; 21(2):60-76. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.21.2.60
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Socioeconomic status (SES) underlies three major determinants of health: health care, environmental exposure, and health behavior. In addition, chronic stress associated with lower SES may also increase morbidity and mortality. Reducing SES disparities in health will require policy initiatives addressing the components of socioeconomic status (income, education, and occupation) as well as the pathways by which these affect health. Lessons for U.S. policy approaches are taken from the Acheson Commission in England, which was charged with reducing health disparities in that country.

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