Article

Measuring self-assessment: current state of the art.

Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Advances in Health Sciences Education (Impact Factor: 2.71). 02/2002; 7(1):63-80. DOI: 10.1023/A:1014585522084
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The competent physician pursues lifelong learning through the recognition of deficiencies and the formulation of appropriate learning goals. Despite the accepted theoretical value of self-assessment, studies have consistently shown that the accuracy of self-assessment is poor. This paper examines the methodological issues that plague the measurement of self-assessment ability and presents several strategies that address these methodological problems within the current paradigm. In addition, the article proposes an alternative conceptualization of self-assessment and describes its associated methods. The conclusions of prior research in this domain must be re-examined in light of the common pitfalls encountered in the design of the studies and the analyses of the data. Future efforts to elucidate self-assessment phenomena need to consider the implications of this review.

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    ABSTRACT: The paper’s main objective is to evaluate the self-assessment accuracy of university students. Specifically, the study analyzes the self-assessment of oral communication skills. It was carried out in a Firm Labor Organization course included in the Labor Relations and Human Resources Degree. The literature on self-assessment in Higher Education does not provide clear evidence about its accuracy, as a number of methodological problems have been detected. To reduce them, we have taken a number of precautions. Thus, a rubric was designed, and students were trained to use it. Several teachers and peers were introduced as referents, and a segmented analysis was conducted based on gender and the students’ level of competence from the teachers’ point of view. Results show that self-assessment accuracy is low. Moreover, regardless of the degree, men’s self-assessments are higher than women’s. Moreover, the findings suggest that the scoring rubric improves self-assessment accuracy when the speaker has good oral communication skills, but not when these skills are poor. These results lead us to propose the development of correction factors that can be adapted to any situation, thus allowing self-assessment to be used for summative purposes.
    Sustainable Learning in Higher Education, Edited by Marta Peris-Ortiz, José M. Merigó Lindahl, 01/2015: chapter 2: pages 21-35; Springer International Publishing., ISBN: 9783319108032

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