Article

Beta1 integrin is not essential for hematopoiesis but is necessary for the T cell-dependent IgM antibody response.

Lund University, 22185 Lund, Sweden.
Immunity (Impact Factor: 19.75). 04/2002; 16(3):465-77. DOI: 10.1016/S1074-7613(02)00281-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Several experimental evidences suggested that beta1 integrin-mediated adhesion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is important for their function in the bone marrow (BM). Using induced deletion of the beta1 integrin gene restricted to the hematopoietic system, we show that beta1 integrin is not essential for HSC retention in the BM, hematopoiesis, and trafficking of lymphocytes. However, immunization with a T cell-dependent antigen resulted in virtually no IgM production and an increased secretion of IgG in mutant mice, while the response to a T cell-independent type 2 antigen showed decreases in both IgM and IgG. These data suggest that beta1 integrins are necessary for the primary IgM antibody response.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
173 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The liver has a unique regenerative capability, which involves extensive remodelling of cell-cell and cell-matrix contacts. Here we study the role of integrins in mouse liver regeneration using Cre/loxP-mediated gene deletion or intravenous delivery of β1-integrin siRNA formulated into nanoparticles that predominantly target hepatocytes. We show that although short-term loss of β1-integrin has no obvious consequences for normal livers, partial hepatectomy leads to severe liver necrosis and reduced hepatocyte proliferation. Mechanistically, loss of β1-integrin in hepatocytes impairs ligand-induced phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor and hepatocyte growth factor receptors, thereby attenuating downstream receptor signalling in vitro and in vivo. These results identify a crucial role and novel mechanism of action of β1-integrins in liver regeneration and demonstrate that protein depletion by nanoparticle-based delivery of specific siRNA is a powerful strategy to study gene function in the regenerating liver.
    Nature Communications 05/2014; 5:3862. · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Germline or B-cell-specific loss of Ptpn6 gene encoding the Shp1 protein tyrosine phosphatase leads to skewed B lymphopoiesis and systemic autoimmunity. Here, to study its role in B-cell terminal differentiation, we generated Ptpn6(f/f)Aicda(Cre/+) mice with Shp1 ablated only in activated B cells. We show that Ptpn6(f/f)Aicda(Cre/+) mice have normal B-cell development but exhibit defective class-switched primary and recalled antibody response to a T-cell-dependent antigen. Germinal centres are present but do not persist and memory B cells are not formed. Interestingly, Shp1-deficient plasma cells are generated in the spleen but do not contribute to the bone marrow long-lived pool. Plasma cells lacking Shp1 exhibit aberrant α4β1 integrin activation due to dysregulated Src- and PI3-kinase signalling and manifest attenuated migration in vitro and defective bone marrow homing when reconstituted in vivo. Interrupting α4β1-VCAM-1 interaction rectifies this defect. These data suggest that Shp1 signalling is required for the establishment of a life-long protective humoral immunity.
    Nature Communications 06/2014; 5:4273. · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Integrin-ligand interactions between germinal center (GC) B cells and Ag-presenting follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) have been suggested to play central roles during GC responses, but their in vivo requirement has not been directly tested. In this study, we show that, whereas integrins αLβ2 and α4β1 are highly expressed and functional on mouse GC B cells, removal of single integrins or their ligands had little effect on B cell participation in the GC response. Combined β2 integrin deficiency and α4 integrin blockade also did not affect the GC response against a particulate Ag. However, the combined integrin deficiency did cause B cells to be outcompeted in splenic GC responses against a soluble protein Ag and in mesenteric lymph node GC responses against gut-derived Ags. Similar findings were made for β2-deficient B cells in mice lacking VCAM1 on FDCs. The reduced fitness of the GC B cells did not appear to be due to decreased Ag acquisition, proliferation rates, or pAKT levels. In summary, our findings provide evidence that αLβ2 and α4β1 play overlapping and context-dependent roles in supporting interactions with FDCs that can augment the fitness of responding GC B cells. We also find that mouse GC B cells upregulate αvβ3 and adhere to vitronectin and milk-fat globule epidermal growth factor VIII protein. Integrin β3-deficient B cells contributed in a slightly exaggerated manner to GC responses, suggesting this integrin has a regulatory function in GC B cells.
    The Journal of Immunology 04/2014; 192(10). · 5.36 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
11 Downloads
Available from
Aug 22, 2014