Coronary artery bypass grafting in an adult case with Kawasaki disease.
ABSTRACT Surgical revascularization for coronary artery lesions secondary to Kawasaki disease has been rarely reported in adult patients. We reported an adult case with few coronary risk factors but with multiple coronary artery aneurysms and obstructive lesions presumably secondary to Kawasaki disease who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with multiple arterial grafts. The postoperative course was uneventful. Because coronary artery sequelae of Kawasaki disease can be a cause of ischemic heart disease even in adults, heightened awareness of this possibility is required for young adults with coronary lesions but without coronary risk factors.
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ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of pediatric ischemic heart disease. The incidence of serious coronary sequelae is low and about 2% - 3% of patients with KD, but once myocardial infarction occurs in children, the mortality is quite high and 22% at the first infarction.This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with KD. Eight patients with a history of KD underwent CABG between October 1997 and July 2005. The number of bypass grafts placed was 2 to 4 per patient (mean 2.5 +/- 0.8). Various bypass grafts were used in patients, i.e. the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in 3 patients, bilateral internal mammary artery (IMA) in 2 patients, LIMA plus gastroepiploic artery (GEA) in 1 patient and total saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) in 2 patients. The combined procedures included ventricular aneurysmectomy in 1 patient, mitral valve plasty in 1 and right coronary aneurysmectomy in 1. One patient was not able to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), after being supported with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), the patient was weaned from CPB successfully. One patient died of low cardiac output syndrome and acute renal failure 19 days after operation. Other patients recovered and were discharged uneventfully. During the follow-up that ranged from 3 to 57 months (mean 27 months), clincal angina disappeared or improved. Cardiac function was in Class I - II (NYHA). CABG is a safe and effective procedure for Kawasaki coronary artery disease. However long-term results need to be followed up.Chinese medical journal 06/2010; 123(12):1533-6. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease usually affects younger age groups, but cardiac sequelae of 'missed' (incomplete) childhood Kawasaki disease may first present in adult life. We report a case of a 28-year-old white man presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction and later found to have triple vessel coronary artery aneurysmal disease, probably secondary to childhood Kawasaki disease for which he underwent cardiac bypass surgery. The patient has remained well and asymptomatic at 1-year follow-up. This case is highlighted as the incidence of Kawasaki disease is relatively low among the white population, and yet there are increasing reports of adult patients presenting with coronary artery aneurysmal disease secondary to childhood Kawasaki disease. There has been a relative paucity of reports of surgical revascularization for adult survivors of childhood Kawasaki disease. This report also emphasizes the importance of early recognition and aggressive treatment of the often missed, incomplete, form of Kawasaki disease, which may reduce the risk of late development of coronary artery aneurysms. There should be a high index of suspicion of Kawasaki disease in young adults presenting with aneurysmal coronary artery disease with no significant coronary risk factors and in the absence of generalized atherosclerosis.Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 03/2009; 10(2):170-3. DOI:10.2459/JCM.0b013e32831b6de2 · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to make an evaluation on the clinical features of patients with Kawasaki disease who require a cardiac surgical procedure including coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary arterial aneurysmorrhaphy or heart transplantation. English literature of Kawasaki disease for cardiac surgery (1990-2011) was retrieved in the Pubmed database. The clinical features of the patient setting from the representative articles were collected and analyzed. Patients with Kawasaki disease were very young, with some requiring a cardiac surgical procedure at a very early age. The interval between the onset and the surgical operation was 9.5±9.4 years. The prevalence of myocardial infarction and re-infarction was high. Giant aneurysm, critical stenosis with calcification and thrombus formation of the coronary arteries often warrant coronary artery bypass, heart transplantation or coronary arterial aneurysm plication. The left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery was the most commonly used graft in coronary artery bypass. Graft patency rate was 82.4% at 21.4±32.3 (range 0.1-252) month follow-up. The early and late mortalities of this patient setting were 0.6 and 3.0%, respectively. Patients with Kawasaki disease may develop coronary artery lesions prone to aneurysmal formation with calcification and thrombus and may require coronary artery bypass at a very early age. With the left internal mammary artery as the first choice of bypass graft, the long-term patency and patient survival was satisfactory.Libyan Journal of Medicine 12/2012; 7. DOI:10.3402/ljm.v7i0.19796 · 1.33 Impact Factor