Regional fat distribution (RFD) has been associated with metabolic derangements in populations with obesity. For example, upper body fat patterning is associated with higher levels of free testosterone (FT) and lower levels of sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG). We sought to determine the extent to which this relationship was true in a healthy (i.e., non-obese) female population and whether RFD influenced androgen responses to resistance exercise. This study examined the effects of RFD on total testosterone (TT), FT, and SHBG responses to an acute resistance exercise test (ARET) among 47 women (22+/-3 years; 165+/-6 cm; 62+/-8 kg; 25+/-5%BF; 23+/-3 BMI). RFD was characterized by 3 separate indices: waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), ratio of upper arm fat to mid-thigh fat assessed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI ratio), and ratio of subscapular to triceps ratio (SB/TRi ratio). Skinfolds were measured for the triceps, chest, subscapular, mid-axillary, suprailaic, abdomen, and thigh regions. The ARET consisted of 6 sets of 10 RM squats separated by 2-min rest periods. Blood was obtained pre- and post- ARET. TT, FT, and SHBG concentrations were determined by radioimmunoassay. Subjects were divided into tertiles from the indices of RFD, and statistical analyses were performed by an ANOVA with repeated measures (RFD and exercise as main effects). Significant (p < or = .05) increases following the AHRET were observed for TT (approximately 25%), FT (approximately 25%), and SHBG (4%). With multiple regression analysis, anthropometric measures significantly predicted pre- concentrations of FT, post-concentrations of TT, and pre-concentrations of SHBG. The SB/TRi and MRI ratios but not the WHR, were discriminant for hormonal concentrations among the tertiles. In young, healthy women, resistance exercise can induce transient increases in testosterone, and anthropometric markers of adiposity correlate with testosterone concentrations.
"In men, an intense bout of resistance exercise generally causes a transient increase in circulating testosterone and cortisol concentrations ; however, the amount of muscle mass and the type of loading used during exercise impact the magnitude of these hormone responses      . Findings for the acute effect of resistance exercise on circulating testosterone in women are equivocal with acute increases    and no changes    observed. Similar to the findings for men, resistance exercise can acutely increase circulating cortisol concentrations in women  . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of resistance exercise (RE) on muscle androgen receptor (AR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein content. Fifteen resistance-trained men (n=8; 21+/-1 years, 175.3+/-6.7 cm, 90.8+/-11.6 kg) and women (n=7; 24+/-5 years, 164.6+/-6.7 cm, 76.4+/-15.6 kg) completed 6 sets of 10 repetitions of heavy squats. Blood samples were obtained before RE, after 3 and 6 sets of squats, and 5, 15, 30 and 70 min after RE. Muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis were obtained before RE, and 10 min and 70 min after RE. Blood samples were analyzed for total and free testosterone concentrations and muscle samples were analyzed for AR and GR protein content. Circulating total testosterone increased significantly (p< or =0.05) in men and free testosterone increased in men and women with exercise. AR was significantly reduced at 70 min post-exercise in men and at 10 min post-exercise in women compared to pre-exercise. There were no changes in GR following RE, but GR was significantly higher in women compared to men. These findings support a current paradigm for stabilization followed by a reduction and then a rebound in the acute AR response to RE but demonstrate that gender differences exist in the timeline of the AR response.
"Recent evidence indicates that hormones have bidirectional effects on both behavior and experience . For example, if women engage in resistance exercise, it raises their testosterone levels (Nindl et al., 2001). "
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.