The effects of intravenous almitrine on oxygenation and hemodynamics during one-lung ventilation.
ABSTRACT One-lung ventilation (OLV) induces an increase in pulmonary shunt sometimes associated with a decrease in PaO2 despite ventilation with 100% oxygen. PaO2 improvement has been reported in one-lung ventilated animals receiving IV almitrine, a pulmonary vasoconstrictor. We evaluated the ability of almitrine to prevent a decrease in PaO2 during OLV. Patients without pulmonary hypertension undergoing OLV for lung surgery were randomly assigned to receive either placebo (Group P, n = 8) or almitrine infusion at a rate of 8 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) (Group A, n = 8) from the start of OLV. Gasometric and hemodynamic values were recorded with the patient in the lateral decubitus position during two-lung ventilation and at 10-min intervals during OLV over a 30-min period (OLV-10, OLV-20, OLV-30). Compared with the values found during two-lung ventilation (434 +/- 22 mm Hg in Group P and 426 +/- 23 mm Hg in Group A), PaO2 decreased at OLV-10 (305 +/- 46 mm Hg), OLV-20 (203 +/- 20 mm Hg), and OLV-30 (178 +/- 18 mm Hg) in Group P (P < 0.05) and at OLV-20 (354 +/- 25 mm Hg) and OLV-30 (325 +/- 17 mm Hg) in Group A (P < 0.05). PaO2 values differed between the groups at OLV-20 and OLV-30 (P < 0.05). Pulmonary artery pressure and cardiac output did not change. In conclusion, 8 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) IV almitrine prevents and limits the OLV-induced decrease in PaO2 without causing any hemodynamic modification. IMPLICATIONS: Eight microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) IV almitrine limits one-lung ventilation-induced decrease in PaO2 without causing any hemodynamic modification in patients without pulmonary hypertension.
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ABSTRACT: Independent lung ventilation (ILV) can be classified into anatomical and physiological lung separation. It requires either endobronchial blockade or double-lumen endotracheal tube intubation. Endobronchial blockade or selective double-lumen tube ventilation may necessitate temporary one lung ventilation. Anatomical lung separation isolates a diseased lung from contaminating the non-diseased lung. Physiological lung separation ventilates each lung as an independent unit. There are some clear indications for ILV as a primary intervention and as a rescue ventilator strategy in both anatomical and physiological lung separation. Potential pitfalls are related to establishing and maintaining lung isolation. Nevertheless, ILV can be used in the intensive care setting safely with a good understanding of its limitations and potential complications.Critical care (London, England) 02/2005; 9(6):594-600. · 4.61 Impact Factor
Anesthesiology 01/2011; 114(1):167-74. · 5.36 Impact Factor