The effect of internal limiting membrane peeling on chronic recalcitrant pseudophakic cystoid macular edema: a report of two cases.
ABSTRACT To describe the effect of internal limiting membrane peeling in chronic recalcitrant pseudophakic cystoid macular edema.
Two interventional case reports.
Two consecutive patients with chronic pseudophakic cystoid macular edema of 11-22 months duration, after uncomplicated cataract surgery, unresponsive to previous treatment, were enrolled. The surgical technique consisted of pars plana vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling. Main outcome measures included best-corrected visual acuity, biomicroscopic appearance, and perifoveal leakage on fluorescein angiography. Optical coherence tomography scans were performed postoperatively.
Pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling resulted in anatomical, angiographic, and functional improvement in both patients, for total follow-up periods of 8 and 11 months, respectively.
To our knowledge, this is the first report of chronic pseudophakic cystoid macular edema that favorably responded to pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling, as concluded after a MEDLINE search.
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ABSTRACT: To describe an association between extrafoveal vitreoretinal traction and intractable chronic pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) by the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT). In a retrospective case series study, charts and OCT findings of patients who had postoperative recalcitrant pseudophakic CME for at least 6 months and vitreoretinal traction membranes were analyzed. Excluded were eyes that either had another vitreoretinopathy that could affect the analysis or had undergone an intravitreal intervention. Three eyes (three patients) with macular edema following uneventful cataract surgery were detected to be associated with multifocal extrafoveal vitreoretinal traction sites in each. Retinal edema that was underlying each of the traction sites in all eyes was in continuum in at least one site per eye with the central macular edema, thus manifesting as diffuse macular edema. Chronic pseudophakic macular edema may be related to extrafoveal vitreoretinal traction.The Open Ophthalmology Journal 01/2011; 5:35-41.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of an intraoperative intravitreal pegaptanib injection during phacoemulsification in preventing the development of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) following cataract surgery. This prospective, controlled pilot study was carried out at the Department of Ophthalmology, Nuevo Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia (Spain). Five hundred patients with cataract and healthy retina were included in the study. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive an intraoperative intravitreal pegaptanib injection (n=250) or not (control group, n=250) associated with standardized phacoemulsification surgery and postoperative treatment. Any surgical complication was considered as an exclusion criterion. The main outcome measure was the incidence of CME at 4 weeks postsurgery, defined as a central foveal thickness greater than 350 μm as measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with associated cystoid changes. The incidence of CME by the fourth postoperative week was 0.4% (n=1) in the pegaptanib group and 4.4% (n=11) in the control group (P=0.009). Prophylactic use of intravitreal pegaptanib immediately after phacoemulsification was effective in preventing CME by the fourth postoperative week. The inclusion of intravitreal pegaptanib injection in the prophylaxis of pseudophakic CME will be considered for complicated cases in forthcoming studies.Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics: the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 09/2011; 28(1):65-8. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare the efficacy of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection versus 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling for the treatment of chronic pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) after uncomplicated cataract surgery. Methods: This retrospective, comparative, consecutive case series study included 39 patients with chronic pseudophakic CME. Twenty eyes in 20 patients were treated with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection (IVT group), and 19 eyes in 19 patients were treated with pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling (PPV group). In both groups, complete ophthalmologic examinations were performed before and after procedures. Findings were compared between the groups. Results: Both groups experienced a significant improvement in visual acuity and macular thickness after 12 months follow-up. At months 1 and 2, the IVT group showed a significant improvement in visual acuity and a significant reduction in macular thickness compared with the PPV group (p < 0.05), but these differences were not statistically significant between the groups after the 12-month period. Conclusion: Both intravitreal steroid injection and pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling had a favorable effect on visual and anatomic results in patients with chronic pseudophakic CME. However, surgical treatment had no advantage over intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection after 12-months follow-up.Current eye research 08/2012; · 1.51 Impact Factor