Intradiploic arachnoid cyst identified by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging--case report.
ABSTRACT A 72-year-old woman presented with an intradiploic arachnoid cyst in the occipital intradiploic space which was found incidentally by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Computed tomography revealed a widened diploic space and thinning of the inner and outer tables of the occipital bone. The cyst appeared as isointense to the cerebrospinal fluid on both T1- and T2-weighted images. The differential diagnosis of intradiploic epidermoid cyst could be excluded because the lesion was low intensity on diffusion-weighted MR images. Arachnoid cyst is a benign lesion, so exploratory surgery should be avoided unless the cyst is symptomatic. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging is an effective modality to distinguish diploic epidermoid cysts from arachnoid cysts.