Article

Development of a new medium useful for the recovery of dermatophytes from clinical specimens by minimizing the carryover effect of antifungal agents

Pharmaceutical R&D Laboratories, POLA Chemical Industries, Inc., Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
Microbiology and Immunology (Impact Factor: 1.31). 02/2002; 46(2):83-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1348-0421.2002.tb02662.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Two surface-active compounds, egg lecithin and polysorbate 80, usually used as the deactivators of various preservatives were tested whether they also counteract either or all of the three major topical antifungal drugs, bifonazole (BFZ), lanoconazole (LCZ) and terbinafine (TBF). Both egg lecithin and polysorbate 80, when added to culture media up to final concentrations of 1.0 and 0.7%, respectively, antagonized the anti-dermatophytic activity of the three drugs in a concentration-dependent manner. A greater extent of antagonistic action was exerted when the two deactivators combined at their maximal levels tested were added; MIC's of BFZ were increased more than 30-fold and those of LCZ and TBF more than 200-fold compared with the values obtained in the absence of the deactivators. Using the agar medium supplemented with the combined deactivators, culture studies were carried out with skin tissues specimens taken from guinea pigs whose feet were infected with dermatophytes and subsequently treated with 1% topical preparations of the three antifungal drugs. The experimental data from this animal study demonstrated that the combined deactivators-supplemented medium yielded increased numbers of fungi compared with the basal medium. It looks, therefore, likely that the fungal recovery on the former medium more correctly reflects to actual fungal burden in the infected lesions than the latter. All these results suggest that the combined deactivators-supplemented medium is more useful for mycological evaluation of therapeutic efficacy of imidazole and allylamine drugs against dermatophytoses in both preclinical and clinical studies.

1 Follower
 · 
61 Views
 · 
0 Downloads
  • Source
    • "Thus, animal models have been introduced to simulate human skin diseases, as well as changes in disease, and have presented different ideas for antifungal evaluation. It is also necessary to accurately evaluate the therapeutic effects that have been provided to create an environment in various pathological ways [88–90]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dermatophytosis is superficial fungal infection caused by dermatophytes that invade the keratinized tissue of humans and animals. Lesions from dermatophytosis exhibit an inflammatory reaction induced to eliminate the invading fungi by using the host's normal immune function. Many scientists have attempted to establish an experimental animal model to elucidate the pathogenesis of human dermatophytosis and evaluate drug efficacy. However, current animal models have several issues. In the present paper, we surveyed reports about the methodology of the dermatophytosis animal model for tinea corporis, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium and discussed future prospects.
    BioMed Research International 04/2012; 2012:125384. DOI:10.1155/2012/125384 · 2.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antifungal susceptibility testing under conditions close to clinical status is expected to provide more helpful information than that obtained by a conventional microdilution method. For this purpose, we developed a novel method to evaluate anti-Trichophyton mentagrophytes activity of antifungal agents in vitro by using disks of micropig stratum corneum epidermis (SCE). Basal agar medium containing K2HPO4, MgSO4, CaCl2 and three kinds of antibiotics. Bifonazole (BFZ), lanoconazole (LCZ) or terbinafine (TBF) was added to the basal agar medium to give serially doubling dilutions ranging from 0.0006 to 10 microg/ml. Five-hundred-microl portions of the agar media thus prepared were solidified in wells of flat-bottomed plates. SCE disks (6 mm in diameter) were placed on surfaces of the agar medium and 10(4) conidia of T. mentagrophytes were inoculated on each SCE disk. There was very good correlation between the initial concentration of the antifungal agents added to the basal agar medium (microg/ml) and the concentration of the agents impregnated into the SCE disks (microg/g) (r2>0.99). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of BFZ, LCZ and TBF were respectively 26-, 10- and 78-times higher than those measured by the standard microdilution method. From the correlation between the concentration of the agents in the basal medium and that in the SCE disks, the above MIC values corresponded to the concentrations in SCE disks (microg/g), 832.95 for BFZ, 1.42 for LCZ and 8.87 for TBF. This novel method of antidermatophytic susceptibility testing using SCE would be useful as an in vitro screening of proper antimycotics for topical treatment of dermatophytosis.
    Microbiology and Immunology 08/2002; 46(8):521-5. DOI:10.1111/j.1348-0421.2002.tb02729.x · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although antimycotic effects are mainly evaluated with regard to whether or not the fungi grow from a specimen obtained from the drug-treated skin, the potential for discrepancies in skin specimens in which the fungi are grown has not been evaluated, in the experimental tinea model. In this study, to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of antimycotic agents against fungal skin infection, a novel form of mycological assessment, which focuses on the size of colonies grown from skin specimens was examined and developed. When microconidia of Trichophyton mentagrophytes were inoculated onto a Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) plate and incubated at 27 degrees C for 5 days, a linear relationship was observed between the growth area of mycelia and the logarithm of the quantity of microconidia. This relationship between the growth area and the logarithm of the number of T. mentagrophytes microconidia did not change with the addition of skin homogenate and/or keratin powder. Next, the number of fungi in skin blocks attendant upon experimental, cutaneous infection in guinea pigs was evaluated and analyzed via a calibration curve, determined based on a microconidium suspension of T. mentagrophytes. Estimates of severity of dermatophytic infection in experimental animals were parallel to, but more reliable than, results obtained via the conventional mycological method (fungus-positive skin ratio of treated skin) in culture studies of infected dermal tissues. This new analytical method may also be applicable to the in vivo assessment of the therapeutic effect against dermatophytosis experimentally produced in guinea pigs.
    Mycoses 04/2005; 48(2):108-13. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0507.2004.01075.x · 1.81 Impact Factor
Show more

Preview

Download
0 Downloads