Accuracy of radial arterial pressure measurement during surgery under controlled hypotension.
ABSTRACT Radial arterial pressure underestimates the pressure in the aorta in several clinical situations. A central-to-radial pressure gradient was attributed to intense vasodilation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of radial pressure monitoring during controlled hypotension achieved with profound arterial vasodilation.
Ten patients with ASA physical status I and II undergoing maxillofacial surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled in this prospective study. Radial and femoral arteries were cannulated and connected to a pressure monitoring system. Controlled hypotension was achieved with an infusion of nicardipine titrated to maintain MAP between 50 and 60 mmHg. Simultaneous radial and femoral systolic, mean and diastolic arterial pressures were recorded before, during and after controlled hypotension. Results were expressed as mean +/- SD. Concomitant radial and femoral pressures were compared by a paired Student's test, P < 0.05 being significant.
In all, 150 sets of arterial pressures measurement were obtained. There were no statistically significant differences between radial and femoral arterial pressures measured before, during or after controlled hypotension.
Radial arterial pressure is an accurate measure of central arterial pressure during controlled hypotension achieved with arterial vasodilation.
Article: Peripheral arterial blood pressure monitoring adequately tracks central arterial blood pressure in critically ill patients: an observational study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring is a common practice in intensive care units (ICUs). Accuracy of invasive blood pressure monitoring is crucial in evaluating the cardiocirculatory system and adjusting drug therapy for hemodynamic support. However, the best site for catheter insertion is controversial. Lack of definitive information in critically ill patients makes it difficult to establish guidelines for daily practice in intensive care. We hypothesize that peripheral and central mean arterial blood pressures are interchangeable in critically ill patients. This is a prospective, observational study carried out in a surgical-medical ICU in a teaching hospital. Fifty-five critically ill patients with clinical indication of invasive arterial pressure monitoring were included in the study. No interventions were made. Simultaneous measurements were registered in central (femoral) and peripheral (radial) arteries. Bias and precision between both measurements were calculated with Bland-Altman analysis for the whole group. Bias and precision were compared between patients receiving high doses of vasoactive drugs (norepinephrine or epinephrine >0.1 microg/kg/minute or dopamine >10 microg/kg/minute) and those receiving low doses (norepinephrine or epinephrine <0.1 microg/kg/minute or dopamine <10 microg/kg/minute). Central mean arterial pressure was 3 +/- 4 mmHg higher than peripheral mean arterial pressure for the whole population and there were no differences between groups (3 +/- 4 mmHg for both groups). Measurement of mean arterial blood pressure in radial or femoral arteries is clinically interchangeable. It is not mandatory to cannulate the femoral artery, even in critically ill patients receiving high doses of vasoactive drugs.Critical care (London, England) 01/2006; 10(2):R43. · 4.61 Impact Factor