Article

TNF-α is involved in activating DNA fragmentation in skeletal muscle

Cancer Research Group, Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, 08028-Barcelona, Spain.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.82). 04/2002; 86(6):1012-6. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6600167
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intraperitoneal administration of 100 μg kg−1 (body weight) of tumour necrosis factor-α to rats for 8 consecutive days resulted in a significant decrease in protein content, which was concomitant with a reduction in DNA content. Interestingly, the protein/DNA ratio was unchanged in the skeletal muscle of the tumour necrosis factor-α-treated animals as compared with the non-treated controls. Analysis of muscle DNA fragmentation clearly showed enhanced laddering in the skeletal muscle of tumour necrosis factor-α-treated animals, suggesting an apoptotic phenomenon. In a different set of experiments, mice bearing a cachexia-inducing tumour (the Lewis lung carcinoma) showed an increase in muscle DNA fragmentation (9.8-fold) as compared with their non-tumour-bearing control counterparts as previously described. When gene-deficient mice for tumour necrosis factor-α receptor protein I were inoculated with Lewis lung carcinoma, they were also affected by DNA fragmentation; however the increase was only 2.1-fold. These results suggest that tumour necrosis factor-α partly mediates DNA fragmentation during experimental cancer-associated cachexia.
British Journal of Cancer (2002) 86, 1012–1016. DOI: 10.1038/sj/bjc/6600167 www.bjcancer.com
© 2002 Cancer Research UK

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Belén Alvarez, Jun 28, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
124 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate a possible role of the AP-1 signaling cascade in the process of wasting associated with cancer cachexia at the level of skeletal muscle. The injection of virus containing the TAM67 protein (a blocker of the AP-1 protein) to the gastrocnemius muscle of tumour-bearing rats resulted in a significant recovery of the muscle mass (which is dramatically reduced as a result of tumour burden), therefore suggesting that AP-1 is certainly involved in the signaling associated with muscle protein accretion. In conclusion, the gene therapy approach presented here clearly suggests an important role for AP-1 in muscle signaling during catabolic states.
    FEBS Letters 02/2006; 580(2):691-6. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2005.12.084 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) have been proposed as mechanisms of cancer-induced cachexia. In this study, we assessed using Western blot analysis the levels of total protein carbonylation (2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine assay), both malondialdehyde- (MDA-) and 2-hydroxy-4-nonenal- (HNE-) protein adducts, Mn-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), catalase, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and 3-nitrotyrosine formation in gastrocnemius muscles of rats bearing the Yoshida AH-130 hepatoma. In the muscles of the tumour-bearing animals, protein carbonylation as measured by total levels of carbonyl group formation and both HNE and MDA-protein adducts, and protein tyrosine nitration were significantly greater than in control muscles. Protein levels of the antioxidant enzymes Mn-SOD, catalase, and HO-1 were not significantly modified in the rat cachectic muscles compared to controls. The inefficiency of the antioxidant enzymes in neutralizing excessive ROS production may account for elevated markers of protein oxidation and be responsible for the development of both oxidative and nitrosative stress in cancer-induced cachexia.
    FEBS Letters 04/2005; 579(7):1646-52. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2005.02.017 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Administration of interleukin-15 (IL-15) to rats bearing the Yoshida AH-130 ascites hepatoma (a tumour that induces an important cachectic response) resulted in a significant reduction of muscle wasting, both measured as muscle weight and as protein content of different types of skeletal muscle. In addition, the administration of the cytokine completely reversed the increased DNA fragmentation observed in skeletal muscle of tumour-bearing animals. Concerning the mechanism(s) involved in the anti-apoptotic effects of IL-15 on skeletal muscle, the administration of the cytokine resulted in a considerable decrease in both R1 (43%) and R2 (64%) TNF-alpha receptors (TNFRs), and therefore it may be suggested that IL-15 decreases apoptosis by affecting TNF-alpha signalling. Formation of NO could be the signalling event associated with the activation of apoptosis in muscle of tumour-bearing rats; indeed, administration of IL-15 decreased the inducible nitric oxide synthase protein levels by 73%, suggesting that NO formation and muscle apoptosis during tumour growth are related. In conclusion, IL-15 seems to be able to reduce/suppress protein loss and apoptosis related to muscle wasting during cancer cachexia in experimental animals.
    FEBS Letters 08/2004; 569(1-3):201-6. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2004.05.066 · 3.34 Impact Factor