Article

# Dimming supernovae without cosmic acceleration.

Theory Division T-8, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA.

Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 05/2002; 88(16):161302. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.161302 Source: PubMed

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**ABSTRACT:**We revise the bound from the supernova SN1987A on the coupling of ultralight axion-like particles (ALPs) to photons. In a core-collapse supernova, ALPs would be emitted via the Primakoff process, and eventually convert into gamma rays in the magnetic field of the Milky Way. The lack of a gamma-ray signal in the GRS instrument of the SMM satellite in coincidence with the observation of the neutrinos emitted from SN1987A therefore provides a strong bound on their coupling to photons. Due to the large uncertainty associated with the current bound, we revise this argument, based on state-of-the-art physical inputs both for the supernova models and for the Milky-Way magnetic field. Furthermore, we provide major amendments, such as the consistent treatment of nucleon-degeneracy effects and of the reduction of the nuclear masses in the hot and dense nuclear medium of the supernova. With these improvements, we obtain a new upper limit on the photon-ALP coupling: g_{a\gamma} < 5.3 x 10^{-12} GeV^{-1}, for m_a < 4.4 x 10^{-10} eV, and we also give its dependence at larger ALP masses. Moreover, we discuss how much the Fermi-LAT satellite experiment could improve this bound, should a close-enough supernova explode in the near future.10/2014; - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Gamma-rays from cosmological sources contain information about gamma-ray interactions. Standard model and non-standard model photon interactions along the path between the source and the observer can lead to changes in the energy or state of the photons, which in turn alters the observed energy spectrum of the source. In general, these interactions are a function of photon energy as well as source distance. Here we show how existing high energy gamma-ray observations of blazars can be used to constrain the coupling of axion-like-particles (ALPs) to the photon. The same ALP-photon coupling that has been invoked to explain the observations of TeV blazars beyond their pair production horizon is shown to have a potential effect on the data set of Fermi blazars.Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 08/2014; 2014(08):021. · 6.04 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Homogeneous cosmological solutions are obtained in five-dimensional (5D) space–time assuming equations of state p = kρ and p1 = γρ where p is the isotropic 3-pressure and p1, that for the fifth dimension. Using different values for the constants k and γ many known solutions are rediscovered. Further the current acceleration of the universe has led us to investigate higher dimensional gravity theory, which is able to explain acceleration from a theoretical viewpoint without the need of introducing dark energy by hand. We also extend a recent work of Mohammedi where using a special form of the extra dimensional scale factor a new interpretation of the higher dimensional equations of motion is given and the concept of an effective 4D pressure is introduced. Interestingly the 5D matter field remains regular while the effective negative pressure is responsible for the inflation. Relaxing the assumptions of two equations of state we also present a class of solutions which provide early deceleration followed by a late acceleration in a unified manner. Relevant to point out that in this case our cosmology apparently mimics the well-known quintessence scenario fuelled by a generalized Chaplygin-type of fluid where a smooth transition from a dust dominated model to a de Sitter-like one takes place. Depending on the relative magnitude of the different constants appearing in our solutions we show that some of the cases are amenable to the desirable property of dimensional reduction.International Journal of Modern Physics A 01/2012; 21(31). · 1.13 Impact Factor

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