The XPD variant alleles are associated with increased aromatic DNA adduct level and lung cancer risk.
ABSTRACT The DNA repair protein xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD) is involved in the nucleotide excision repair of DNA lesions induced by many tobacco and environmental carcinogens. In order to study the functional impact of the common polymorphisms in XPD exon 10 (G > A, Asp312Asn) and exon 23 (A > C, Lys751Gln), we have genotyped 185 Swedish lung cancer cases (97 smokers and 88 never-smokers) and 162 matched population controls (83 smokers and 79 never-smokers). Presence of one or two variant alleles was associated with increased risk for lung cancer among never-smokers only, in particular younger (<70 years) never-smokers [odds ratio (OR) = 2.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.1-6.5 for exon 10; OR = 3.2, 95% CI = 1.3-8.0 for exon 23, adjusted for age, gender and environmental tobacco smoke]. Aromatic DNA adduct level (AL) in peripheral lymphocytes was found to be similar between cases and controls, but significantly increased by current or recent smoking. Overall, there was a significant trend for increasing AL with increasing number of variant alleles in exon 10 (P = 0.02) or in exon 23 (P = 0.001). In addition, subjects with the combined exon 10 AA and exon 23 CC genotype showed a significantly higher AL compared with all those with any of the other genotypes (P = 0.02). We conclude that the XPD variant alleles may be associated with reduced repair of aromatic DNA adducts in general and increased lung cancer risk among never-smokers.
Article: ERCC2, ERCC1 polymorphisms and haplotypes, cooking oil fume and lung adenocarcinoma risk in Chinese non-smoking females.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) and group 2 (ERCC2) proteins play important roles in the repair of DNA damage and adducts. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of DNA repair genes are suspected to influence the risk of lung cancer. This study aimed to investigate the association between the ERCC2 751, 312 and ERCC1 118 polymorphisms and the risk of lung adenocarcinoma in Chinese non-smoking females. A hospital-based case-control study of 285 patients and 285 matched controls was conducted. Information concerning demographic and risk factors was obtained for each case and control by a trained interviewer. After informed consent was obtained, each person donated 10 ml blood for biomarker testing. Three polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. This study showed that the individuals with the combined ERCC2 751AC/CC genotypes were at an increased risk for lung adenocarcinoma compared with those carrying the AA genotype [adjusted odds ratios (OR) 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-2.52]. The stratified analysis suggested that increased risk associated with ERCC2 751 variant genotypes (AC/CC) was more pronounced in individuals without exposure to cooking oil fume (OR 1.98, 95%CI 1.18-3.32) and those without exposure to fuel smoke (OR 2.47, 95%CI 1.46-4.18). Haplotype analysis showed that the A-G-T and C-G-C haplotypes were associated with increased risk of lung adenocarcinoma among non-smoking females (ORs were 1.43 and 2.28, 95%CIs were 1.07-1.91 and 1.34-3.89, respectively). ERCC2 751 polymorphism may be a genetic risk modifier for lung adenocarcinoma in non-smoking females in China.Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 12/2009; 28:153. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The excision repair cross-complementing group 2 gene (ERCC2) plays a key role in DNA repair. Several polymorphisms in the ERCC2 gene have been described, including the commonly occurring Lys751Gln and Asp312Asn polymorphisms. Studies investigating the association of these polymorphisms with breast cancer risk produced controversial results. To evaluate these associations presented in diverse populations, we have conducted a meta-analysis based on 40 studies from 33 publications in PubMed which included analyses of Lys751Gln (14,545 cases, 15,352 controls) and Asp312Asn polymorphisms (16,254 cases, 14,006 controls). Overall findings of both polymorphisms have implicated null effects (OR = 1.01-1.03) when the analyses were limited to the statistically powerful (≥80%) studies. Although modestly increased statistically significant breast cancer risk was detected in the underpowered studies (≤80%), removal of outliers resulted in null associations. Ethnic stratification showed non-significant and relatively null associations for both polymorphisms with breast cancer risk for the overall Caucasians as well as North American and the European sub-populations. Although statistically increased and decreased risks were observed for the homogenous populations of African-Americans (Lys751Gln, OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.03-1.53, P = 0.03) and Asians (Asp312Asn, ORs: 0.53-0.55, P values: 0.02-0.03), respectively, this may be the result of small sample size. Analyses of the homogeneous adduct studies, with relatively large sample size, exhibited increased risk for Lys751Gln (OR 1.20, 95% CI (1.02-1.41), P = 0.03) and Asp312Asn (OR 1.17 95% CI 1.02-1.34, P = 0.03) under the dominant genetic model. In conclusion, our results suggest null associations of both polymorphisms in the overall and the Caucasian subgroups, although some effects can be suggested for relatively smaller minority studies. Increased risk effect was more visible when the adduct studies are considered, suggesting the role of these polymorphisms in the presence of exposure to DNA damaging agents.Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 04/2010; 124(2):531-41. · 4.43 Impact Factor
Article: Associations between XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism and risk of head and neck cancer: a meta-analysis based on 7,122 subjects.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism and head and neck cancer risk through this meta-analysis. We performed a meta-analysis of 9 published case-control studies including 2,670 patients with head and neck cancer and 4,452 controls. An odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was applied to assess the association between XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism and head and neck cancer risk. Overall, no significant association between XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism and head and neck cancer risk was found in this meta-analysis (Asn/Asn vs. Asp/Asp: OR = 0.95, 95%CI = 0.80-1.13, P = 0.550, P(heterogeneity) = 0.126; Asp/Asn vs. Asp/Asp: OR = 1.11, 95%CI = 0.99-1.24, P = 0.065, P(heterogeneity) = 0.663; Asn/Asn+Asp/Asn vs. Asp/Asp: OR = 1.07, 95%CI = 0.97-1.19, P = 0.189, P(heterogeneity) = 0.627; Asn/Asn vs. Asp/Asp+Asp/Asn: OR = 0.87, 95%CI = 0.68-1.10, P = 0.243, P(heterogeneity) = 0.089). In the subgroup analysis by HWE, ethnicity, and study design, there was still no significant association detected in all genetic models. This meta-analysis demonstrates that XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism may not be a risk factor for developing head and neck cancer.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(4):e35220. · 4.09 Impact Factor