Acetylation of beta-catenin by CREB-binding protein (CBP)

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 08/2002; 277(28):25562-7. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M201196200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Acetylation controls the activity of numerous proteins involved in regulating gene transcription as well as many other cellular processes. In this report we show that the CREB-binding protein (CBP) acetyltransferase acetylates beta-catenin protein in vivo. beta-Catenin is a central component of the Wnt signaling pathway, which is of key importance in development as well as being heavily implicated in a variety of human cancers. We show that the CBP-mediated acetylation of beta-catenin occurs at a single site, lysine 49. Importantly, this lysine is frequently found mutated in cancer and is in a region of importance to the regulation of beta-catenin. We show that mutation of this site leads specifically to an increase in the ability of beta-catenin to activate the c-myc gene but not other beta-catenin-regulated genes. This suggests that acetylation of beta-catenin is involved in regulating Wnt signaling in a promoter-specific fashion.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over-activation of SUMOylation is correlated with poor prognosis in multiple myeloma (MM), with the mechanism unclear. Wnt signaling is one of the aberrantly regulated pathways related to cancer tumorigenesis and progression. Whether SUMOylation is involved in regulating the activity of Wnt/β-catenin pathway, however, has not been reported in MM. Here we found that the TOPflash reporter activity and the expression of Wnt/β-catenin target genes can be down-regulated after interference with SUMOylation through SUMO-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA). SUMOylation inhibition down-regulated β-catenin at protein level via promotion of ubiquitin-proteasomal mediated degradation. Furthermore, over-expression of β-catenin rescued Wnt/β-catenin pathway activity and partially prevented increased apoptosis and growth inhibition induced by SUMOylation inhibition, indicating that β-catenin was responsible for the observed effect on Wnt/β-catenin pathway. To gain a clearer view, we exploited the inter-protein interactions of β-catenin and SUMO-1 in myeloma cell lines. Immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assay proved that β-catenin is subjected to SUMOylation in vivo, which may, at least partially explain the impact of SUMOylation inhibition on β-catenin. The association of SUMO-1 and β-catenin was confirmed in myeloma patient samples. Taken together, our data proved that SUMOylation inhibition down-regulates Wnt/β-catenin pathway by promoting the ubiquitin-proteasomal mediated degradation of β-catenin. SUMOylation of β-catenin is part of the mechanisms involved in the dysregulated proliferation of myeloma cells.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CREPT (cell-cycle-related and expression-elevated protein in tumor)/RPRD1B (regulation of nuclear pre-mRNA domain-containing protein 1B), highly expressed during tumorigenesis, was shown to enhance the transcription of CCND1 and to promote cell proliferation by interacting with RNA polymerase II. However, which signaling pathway is involved in CREPT-mediated activation of gene transcription remains unclear. In this study, we reveal that CREPT participates in the transcription of Wnt/β-catenin signaling activated genes through the β-catenin and TCF4 complex. Our results demonstrate that CREPT interacts with both β-catenin and TCF4, and enhances the association of β-catenin with TCF4, in response to Wnt stimulation. Furthermore, CREPT was shown to occupy at TCF4 binding sites (TBS) of the promoters of Wnt targeted genes under Wnt stimulation. Interestingly, depletion of CREPT resulted in decreased occupancy of β-catenin on TBS, and over-expression of CREPT enhances the activity of the β-catenin/TCF4 complex to initiate transcription of Wnt target genes, which results in up-regulated cell proliferation and invasion. Our study suggests that CREPT acts as an activator to promote the transcriptional activity of the β-catenin/TCF4 complex in response to Wnt signaling.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/2014; 289(33). DOI:10.1074/jbc.M114.560979 · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) specifically affect cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest, activate apoptotic pathways and re-activate epigenetically silenced tumor suppressor genes, but their pleiotropic mode of action is not fully understood. Despite the clinical effects of HDIs in the treatment of hematological malignancies, their potency against solid tumors is still unclear. We investigated the effects and mechanisms of HDI action in colorectal carcinoma cell lines with an activated Wnt signaling pathway, which is implicated in different aspects of tumorigenesis, including cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and metastasis. We assessed the effects of HDI treatment in colorectal carcinoma cell lines by measuring histone hyperacetylation, cell viability and expression of Wnt target genes. Upon treatment with HDIs of the hydroxamate class, we found attenuation of Wnt signaling with concomitant induction of apoptosis and colorectal cancer cell death. Strikingly, the effects of HDIs on Wnt signaling were independent of histone hyperacetylation, thus we investigated the role of non-histone target proteins of histone deacetylases (HDACs). The compounds TSA and SAHA induced a rapid proteasome-dependent depletion of the Wnt transcription factor TCF7L2, which may be mediated by inhibition of HDAC 6 and 10. Our findings provide a molecular rationale for the use of HDIs against colorectal carcinomas with activated Wnt signaling.
    International Journal of Oncology 07/2014; 45(4). DOI:10.3892/ijo.2014.2550 · 2.77 Impact Factor