Minimal astigmatism after sutureless planned extracapsular cataract extraction.
ABSTRACT To evaluate astigmatism after mini-nuc extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) in which a chevron incision is enlarged to 6.0 to 7.0 mm for easier nucleus removal and to compare the results with those using a 5.0 mm incision.
Department of Ophthalmology, The Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Holon, Israel.
Thirty eyes of 29 patients were enrolled in this study. Keratometry was performed preoperatively and 3 to 9 months postoperatively. The incision length was 6.0 mm in 6 eyes, 6.5 mm in 10 eyes, and 7.0 mm in 14 eyes that had mature cataract.
The mean induced astigmatism calculated by simple subtraction was 0.12 diopter (D) +/- 0.51 (SD), 0.16 +/- 0.98 D, and 0.67 +/- 0.91 D for the 6.0 mm, 6.5 mm, and 7.0 mm incision, respectively. By vector analysis, the mean induced astigmatism was 0.60 +/- 0.30 D, 0.75 +/- 0.67 D, and 1.36 +/- 0.77 D, respectively. Results by both methods showed no significant difference between the previously reported 5.0 mm incision and the 6.0 mm and 6.5 mm incisions. The 7.0 mm group had statistically significantly greater induced astigmatism than the 5.0 mm group (P =.01, simple subtraction; P =.002, vector analysis).
Enlarging the size of the chevron incision up to 7.0 mm resulted in a small increase in induced astigmatism. The enlarged incision simplified the operative technique.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Now-a-days, all techniques of cataract extraction are meant for giving the best uncorrected visual acuity and early post-operative rehabilitation. Purpose: To compare astigmatism induced by the superior and temporal section in manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS) in the Indian population. Materials and methods: One hundred and ten eyes were taken. Eyes having a steeper vertical keratometry reading were assigned to the superior SICS group whereas eyes with a steeper horizontal keratometry reading were assigned to the temporal SICS group. Eyes with no astigmatism were randomly assigned to either of the two groups. Both the groups had 54 eyes each. Eyes in Group 1 underwent manual SICS with a superior tunnel and eyes in Group 2 underwent manual SICS with a temporal tunnel. The patients were examined on postopera- tive Day1, 1 week, 45 days, and 3 months. Uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity was recorded, slit-lamp examination, auto-refracto-meter and keratometry examinations were done. Statistics: All calculations were performed using surgically-induced astigmatism (SIA) Calculator version 1.0, a free software program. Results: In Group 2, only 35 eyes out of 54 completed the follow-up of 90 days. The mean SIA in Group1 was found to be 1.45 +/- 0.7387 and in Group 2 it was 0.75+/- 0.4067. The z score applied was found to be 5.7143. This value was more than the standard value, i.e.2.58. The p value accordingly was less than 0.001, which is highly significant. The SIA induced by the superior incision was 48.28 % more than by the temporal incision. Conclusion: SICS with the temporal approach provides a better stabilization of the refraction with a significantly less SIA than superior approach.Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH. 01/2012; 4(7):54-8.
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ABSTRACT: The basis of manual small incision cataract surgery is the tunnel construction for entry to the anterior chamber. The parameters important for the structural integrity of the tunnel are the self-sealing property of the tunnel, the location of the wound on the sclera with respect to the limbus, and the shape of the wound. Cataract surgery has gone beyond just being a means to get the lens out of the eye. Postoperative astigmatism plays an important role in the evaluation of final outcome of surgery. Astigmatic consideration, hence, forms an integral part of incisional considerations prior to surgery.Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2009; 57(1):9-13. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and visual results of the modified Blumenthal and Ruit techniques for manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS). This was a prospective, non-randomized comparison of 129 patients with senile cataracts scheduled to undergo routine cataract surgery via either a superior scleral tunnel incision, i.e., the Blumenthal technique (group 1, n=64) or a temporal scleral tunnel incision, i.e., the Ruit technique (group 2, n=65). MSICS and intraocular lens implantation were performed through an unsutured 6.5- to 7.0-mm scleral tunnel incision. Uncorrected and corrected visual acuity, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and surgically induced astigmatism calculated by simple subtraction were compared. Patients were examined at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. Both groups achieved good visual outcome with minor complications. Three months after surgery, the corrected visual acuity was 0.73 in the Blumenthal group and 0.69 in the Ruit group (P=0.29). The average (SD) postoperative astigmatism was 0.87 (0.62) diopter (D) for the Blumenthal group and 0.86 (0.62) D for the Ruit group. The mean (SD) surgically induced astigmatism was 0.55 (0.45) D and 0.50 (0.44) D for the Blumenthal and Ruit groups, respectively (P=0.52). Common complications were minimal hyphema and corneal edema. There was no statistically significant difference in the complication rate between the groups (P>0.05). In MSICS, both the Blumenthal and Ruit techniques achieved good visual outcomes, with low complication rates.International journal of ophthalmology. 01/2011; 4(1):62-5.