Minimal astigmatism after sutureless planned extracapsular cataract extraction.
ABSTRACT To evaluate astigmatism after mini-nuc extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) in which a chevron incision is enlarged to 6.0 to 7.0 mm for easier nucleus removal and to compare the results with those using a 5.0 mm incision.
Department of Ophthalmology, The Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Holon, Israel.
Thirty eyes of 29 patients were enrolled in this study. Keratometry was performed preoperatively and 3 to 9 months postoperatively. The incision length was 6.0 mm in 6 eyes, 6.5 mm in 10 eyes, and 7.0 mm in 14 eyes that had mature cataract.
The mean induced astigmatism calculated by simple subtraction was 0.12 diopter (D) +/- 0.51 (SD), 0.16 +/- 0.98 D, and 0.67 +/- 0.91 D for the 6.0 mm, 6.5 mm, and 7.0 mm incision, respectively. By vector analysis, the mean induced astigmatism was 0.60 +/- 0.30 D, 0.75 +/- 0.67 D, and 1.36 +/- 0.77 D, respectively. Results by both methods showed no significant difference between the previously reported 5.0 mm incision and the 6.0 mm and 6.5 mm incisions. The 7.0 mm group had statistically significantly greater induced astigmatism than the 5.0 mm group (P =.01, simple subtraction; P =.002, vector analysis).
Enlarging the size of the chevron incision up to 7.0 mm resulted in a small increase in induced astigmatism. The enlarged incision simplified the operative technique.
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ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and visual results of phacoemulsification vs manual sutureless small-incision extracapsular cataract surgery (SICS) for the treatment of cataracts in Nepal. Prospective, randomized comparison of 108 consecutive patients with visually significant cataracts. settings: Outreach microsurgical eye clinic. patients: One hundred eight consecutive patients with cataracts were assigned randomly to receive either phacoemulsification or SICS. intervention Cataract surgery with implantation of intraocular lens. main outcome measures: Operative time, surgical complications, uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), astigmatism, and central corneal thickness (CCT). Both surgical techniques achieved excellent surgical outcomes with low complication rates. On postoperative day 1, the groups had comparable uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) (P = 0.185) and the SICS group had less corneal edema (P = 0.0039). At six months, 89% of the SICS patients had UCVA of 20/60 or better and 98% had a best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/60 or better vs 85% of patients with UCVA of 20/60 or better and 98% of patients with BCVA of 20/60 or better at six months in the phaco group (P = 0.30). Surgical time for SICS was much shorter than that for phacoemulsification (P < .0001). Both phacoemulsification and SICS achieved excellent visual outcomes with low complication rates. SICS is significantly faster, less expensive, and less technology dependent than phacoemulsification. SICS may be the more appropriate surgical procedure for the treatment of advanced cataracts in the developing world.American Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2007; 143(1):32-38. · 3.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and visual results of the modified Blumenthal and Ruit techniques for manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS). This was a prospective, non-randomized comparison of 129 patients with senile cataracts scheduled to undergo routine cataract surgery via either a superior scleral tunnel incision, i.e., the Blumenthal technique (group 1, n=64) or a temporal scleral tunnel incision, i.e., the Ruit technique (group 2, n=65). MSICS and intraocular lens implantation were performed through an unsutured 6.5- to 7.0-mm scleral tunnel incision. Uncorrected and corrected visual acuity, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and surgically induced astigmatism calculated by simple subtraction were compared. Patients were examined at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. Both groups achieved good visual outcome with minor complications. Three months after surgery, the corrected visual acuity was 0.73 in the Blumenthal group and 0.69 in the Ruit group (P=0.29). The average (SD) postoperative astigmatism was 0.87 (0.62) diopter (D) for the Blumenthal group and 0.86 (0.62) D for the Ruit group. The mean (SD) surgically induced astigmatism was 0.55 (0.45) D and 0.50 (0.44) D for the Blumenthal and Ruit groups, respectively (P=0.52). Common complications were minimal hyphema and corneal edema. There was no statistically significant difference in the complication rate between the groups (P>0.05). In MSICS, both the Blumenthal and Ruit techniques achieved good visual outcomes, with low complication rates.International journal of ophthalmology. 01/2011; 4(1):62-5.
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ABSTRACT: The basis of manual small incision cataract surgery is the tunnel construction for entry to the anterior chamber. The parameters important for the structural integrity of the tunnel are the self-sealing property of the tunnel, the location of the wound on the sclera with respect to the limbus, and the shape of the wound. Cataract surgery has gone beyond just being a means to get the lens out of the eye. Postoperative astigmatism plays an important role in the evaluation of final outcome of surgery. Astigmatic consideration, hence, forms an integral part of incisional considerations prior to surgery.Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2009; 57(1):9-13. · 1.02 Impact Factor