Age-related loss of rooting capability in Arabidopsis thaliana and its reversal by peptides containing the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif.
ABSTRACT We describe here an experimental system to study the age-related decline of adventitious root formation in Arabidopsis thaliana L. (Heynh), ecotype Landsberg erecta (Ler). The system is based on the different rooting capacity of hypocotyls from de-rooted juvenile (12-day-old) and adult (26-day-old) plants. Hypocotyls from de-rooted juvenile plants rooted readily within a week of culture, and the rooting process was not dependent on exogenous auxin. In contrast, hypocotyls from de-rooted adult plants rooted poorly and only after longer periods of time. Exogenously applied auxin had no effect on rooting of hypocotyls from de-rooted adult plants. Rooting capacity, although correlated with the transition to flowering, did not depend on this transition. Root induction declined in a similar manner when the transition to flowering was delayed, either genetically with the fve mutant or physiologically with short days. The results showed that rooting of hypocotyls from de-rooted adult plants depended on the effect of peptides containing the RGD motif. Both the percentage of rooting and the number of roots were largely increased when the hypocotyls were treated transiently with the RGD peptide. The effect of the RGD peptide was a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for rooting of hypocotyls from de-rooted adult plants.
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ABSTRACT: Differential display reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the induction of gene expression during adventitious root formation in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) after treatment with the exogenous auxin indole-3-butyric acid. A BLAST search of the GenBank database using one of the clones obtained revealed very strong similarity to the alpha-expansin gene family in angiosperms. A near-full-length loblolly pine alpha-expansin sequence was obtained using 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA end cloning, and the deduced amino acid sequence was highly conserved relative to those of angiosperm expansins. Northern analysis indicates that alpha-expansin mRNA expression increases 50- to 100-fold in the base of hypocotyl stem cuttings from loblolly pine seedlings in response to indole-3-butyric acid, with peak expression occurring 24 to 48 h after induction.Plant physiology 08/1999; 120(3):827-32. · 6.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have isolated seven allelic recessive Arabidopsis mutants, designated superroot (sur1-1 to sur1-7), displaying several abnormalities reminiscent of auxin effects. These characteristics include small and epinastic cotyledons, an elongated hypocotyl in which the connection between the stele and cortical and epidermal cells disintegrates, the development of excess adventitious and lateral roots, a reduced number of leaves, and the absence of an inflorescence. When germinated in the dark, sur1 mutants did not develop the apical hook characteristic of etiolated seedlings. We were able to phenocopy the Sur1- phenotype by supplying auxin to wild-type seedlings, to propagate sur1 explants on phytohormone-deficient medium, and to regenerate shoots from these explants by the addition of cytokinins alone to the culture medium. Analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry indicated increased levels of both free and conjugated indole-3-acetic acid. sur1 was crossed to the mutant axr2 and the altered-auxin response mutant ctr1. The phenotype of both double mutants was additive. The sur1 gene was mapped on chromosome 2 at 0.5 centimorgans from the gene encoding phytochrome B.The Plant Cell 10/1995; 7(9):1405-19. · 9.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: When maize calluses are grown in the presence of the RGD peptide, important morphological changes are observed indicating the presence of a likely RGD-binding receptor. Polyclonal antibodies generated against the human beta1 integrin subunit, the platelet integrin alphaIIbeta3 (P23) and antibodies specific for either the beta3 platelet chain or the alphaIIb polypeptide cross-react with glycoproteins in Western blot analyses. Immunoprecipitation assays indicate that this maize integrin-like protein shares structural similarities with the animal alphaIIbeta3 complex. We also show that AcAt2, a polyclonal antibody raised against Arabidopsis proteins purified on an RGD column, interacts with a maize protein.FEBS Letters 02/1999; 442(2-3):123-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor