Ovarian cancer screening.
ABSTRACT Ovarian cancer is the fourth commonest cause of cancer deaths in women. Multimodal screening with serum CA125 and transvaginal ultrasonography have been shown to improve survival. However, the results so far do not justify routine screening until the impact of screening on mortality has been assessed in larger randomized trials.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Ian J Jacobs, Feb 15, 2014
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central
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- "Being that 90% of ovarian cancers are of epithelial origin, mucins may be attractive candidates for the detection of early stage ovarian cancer [1,2,5]. Mucins, large extracellular proteins, are heavily glycosylated with oligosaccharides and are generally known for providing protection to the epithelial tissues under normal physiological conditions [22-24]. "
ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy and the five-year survival rate is only 35% after diagnosis. Epithelial ovarian cancer is a highly metastatic disease characterized by widespread peritoneal dissemination and ascites. The death incidences from ovarian cancer could be significantly lowered by developing new methods for the early diagnosis and treatment of this fatal disease. Several potential markers have been identified recently. However, mucins are the most promising markers for ovarian cancer diagnosis. Mucins are large extracellular, heavily glycosylated proteins and their aberrant expression has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of cancers, including ovarian cancer. This review will summarize known facts about the pathological and molecular characteristics of ovarian cancer, the current status of ovarian cancer markers, as well as general information about mucins, the putative role of mucins in the progression of ovarian cancer and their potential use for the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.Journal of Ovarian Research 12/2009; 2(1):21. DOI:10.1186/1757-2215-2-21 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cause of cancer mortality in women. It is diagnosed in more than 20,000 women in the USA each year and approximately 15,000 women die of the disease annually. The majority of patients are diagnosed with advanced-stage ovarian cancer, as this deadly disease causes minimal and nonspecific symptoms until late in the course of the disease. No standardized screening test exists to reliably detect ovarian cancer. Cancer antigen (CA)-125 is a protein antigen found at abnormally high levels in the blood of many women with ovarian cancer. Most healthy women have CA-125 levels of below 35 units/microl of blood serum. However, a number of noncancerous conditions can cause elevated CA 125 levels, and many women with early-stage ovarian cancer have normal CA-125 levels. Owing to these limitations, this test is not recommended for routine screening in women who are not at high risk or who do not have specific symptoms of the disease. Currently, many researchers are focusing on simultaneous examination of multiple markers to increase sensitivity of the screening test for early detection of ovarian cancer. Analysis of the current literature shows that combining several biomarkers dramatically improves sensitivity of CA-125 in ovarian cancer patients. This article provides a comprehensive overview of existing studies in the area of multimarker panel development for the early detection and monitoring of ovarian cancer. Our literature review demonstrates that a multimarker approach for the generation of a prototype assay for early detection of ovarian cancer has a great potential to lead to the development of a screening test for this disease.Future Oncology 01/2007; 2(6):733-41. DOI:10.2217/147966126.96.36.1993 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tumor associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72), a pancarcinoma antigen, was initially identified in cancer tissues by its immunoreactivity to a monoclonal antibody B72.3. In this study, we have analyzed the expression and localization profiles of TAG-72 in ovarian cancer tissue samples of different stages and histological subtypes by immunohistochemistry using a second generation high affinity monoclonal antibody CC49. We have also studied the expression of TAG-72 in ovarian cancer cell lines by confocal microscopy and immunoblot analyses. A correlation between TAG-72 expression and localization with patients' prognosis was also analyzed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Eighty eight percent of the ovarian cancer tissue samples (n=43) showed immunoreactivity with CC49 antibody. The expression of TAG-72 in advanced stage cancer tissues (mean composite score=3.7) was significantly higher (p=0.035) compared to the early stage tumors (mean composite score=2.3). However, no significant correlation of TAG-72 was observed with histological tumor types. A marginal correlation of TAG-72 staining with patients' survival was observed. Interestingly, the membrane localization of TAG-72 in tumors was significantly (p=0.0082) associated to the poor clinical outcome, while cytoplasmic staining was correlated significantly to a better prognosis (p=0.0051). Immunoblot analysis demonstrated the expression of TAG-72 in three ovarian cancer cell lines (OVCAR3, SB247 and COV362.4). In conclusion, the tumor-specific expression of TAG-72 and its association with disease stage indicate its potential as a marker for effective disease management and targeted cancer therapy.Cancer Letters 07/2007; 251(2):247-57. DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2006.11.025 · 5.62 Impact Factor