Ovarian cancer screening.

Department of Gynaecological Oncology, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London Medical and Dental School, London EC1A 7BE.
Hospital medicine (London, England: 1998) (Impact Factor: 0.33). 05/2002; 63(4):210-3. DOI: 10.12968/hosp.2002.63.4.2038
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ovarian cancer is the fourth commonest cause of cancer deaths in women. Multimodal screening with serum CA125 and transvaginal ultrasonography have been shown to improve survival. However, the results so far do not justify routine screening until the impact of screening on mortality has been assessed in larger randomized trials.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy and the five-year survival rate is only 35% after diagnosis. Epithelial ovarian cancer is a highly metastatic disease characterized by widespread peritoneal dissemination and ascites. The death incidences from ovarian cancer could be significantly lowered by developing new methods for the early diagnosis and treatment of this fatal disease. Several potential markers have been identified recently. However, mucins are the most promising markers for ovarian cancer diagnosis. Mucins are large extracellular, heavily glycosylated proteins and their aberrant expression has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of cancers, including ovarian cancer. This review will summarize known facts about the pathological and molecular characteristics of ovarian cancer, the current status of ovarian cancer markers, as well as general information about mucins, the putative role of mucins in the progression of ovarian cancer and their potential use for the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
    Journal of Ovarian Research 12/2009; 2:21. DOI:10.1186/1757-2215-2-21 · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cause of cancer mortality in women. It is diagnosed in more than 20,000 women in the USA each year and approximately 15,000 women die of the disease annually. The majority of patients are diagnosed with advanced-stage ovarian cancer, as this deadly disease causes minimal and nonspecific symptoms until late in the course of the disease. No standardized screening test exists to reliably detect ovarian cancer. Cancer antigen (CA)-125 is a protein antigen found at abnormally high levels in the blood of many women with ovarian cancer. Most healthy women have CA-125 levels of below 35 units/microl of blood serum. However, a number of noncancerous conditions can cause elevated CA 125 levels, and many women with early-stage ovarian cancer have normal CA-125 levels. Owing to these limitations, this test is not recommended for routine screening in women who are not at high risk or who do not have specific symptoms of the disease. Currently, many researchers are focusing on simultaneous examination of multiple markers to increase sensitivity of the screening test for early detection of ovarian cancer. Analysis of the current literature shows that combining several biomarkers dramatically improves sensitivity of CA-125 in ovarian cancer patients. This article provides a comprehensive overview of existing studies in the area of multimarker panel development for the early detection and monitoring of ovarian cancer. Our literature review demonstrates that a multimarker approach for the generation of a prototype assay for early detection of ovarian cancer has a great potential to lead to the development of a screening test for this disease.
    Future Oncology 01/2007; 2(6):733-41. DOI:10.2217/14796694.2.6.733 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MUC13, a transmembrane mucin, is normally expressed in gastrointestinal and airway epithelium. Its aberrant expression has been correlated with gastric colon and cancer. However, the expression and functions of MUC13 in ovarian cancer are unknown. In the present study, the expression profile and functions of MUC13 were analyzed to elucidate its potential role in ovarian cancer diagnosis and pathogenesis. A recently generated monoclonal antibody (clone PPZ0020) was used to determine the expression profile of MUC13 by immunohistochemistry using ovarian cancer tissue microarrays and 56 additional epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) samples. The expression of MUC13 was significantly (P < 0.005) higher in cancer samples compared with the normal ovary/benign tissues. Among all ovarian cancer types, MUC13 expression was specifically present in EOC. For the functional analyses, a full-length MUC13 gene cloned in pcDNA3.1 was expressed in a MUC13 null ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV-3. Here, we show that the exogenous MUC13 expression induced morphologic changes, including scattering of cells. These changes were abrogated through c-Jun NH(2) kinase (JNK) chemical inhibitor (SP600125) or JNK2 siRNA. Additionally, a marked reduction in cell-cell adhesion and significant (P < 0.05) increases in cell motility, proliferation, and tumorigenesis in a xenograft mouse model system were observed upon exogenous MUC13 expression. These cellular characteristics were correlated with up-regulation of HER2, p21-activated kinase 1, and p38 protein expression. Our findings show the aberrant expression of MUC13 in ovarian cancer and that its expression alters the cellular characteristics of SKOV-3 cells. This implies a significant role of MUC13 in ovarian cancer.
    Cancer Research 02/2009; 69(3):765-74. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-0587 · 9.28 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014