[Incontinentia pigmenti. A rare disease with many symptoms].
ABSTRACT Incontinentia pigmenti, also known as Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome, is a rare multi-systemic disorder. The disease is characterised by abnormalities in ectodermal tissues including the skin, eyes, central nervous system and dentition. It is inherited as an X-linked dominant trait and is usually fatal for male fetuses. Thirty-eight Swedish patients from 16 families were identified. Thirty patients were examined clinically and their DNA were analysed for deletions in the NEMO-gene. The disease showed a large clinical variability even within families and the common deletion in the NEMO-gene was found present in 70% of the families.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an X-linked genodermatosis caused by a mutation of the IKBKG gene. The objective of this study was to present a systematic review of the dental and oral types of anomalies, to determine the total number and sex distribution of the anomalies, and to analyze possible therapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the literature data from 1,286 IP cases from the period 1993-2010. RESULTS: Dental and/or oral anomalies were diagnosed for 54.38% of the investigated IP patients. Most of the anomaly types were dental, and the most frequent of these were dental shape anomalies, hypodontia, and delayed dentition. The most frequent oral anomaly types were cleft palate and high arched palate. IKBKG exon 4-10 deletion was present in 86.36% of genetically confirmed IP patients. CONCLUSIONS: According to the frequency, dental and/or oral anomalies represent the most frequent and important IP minor criteria. The most frequent mutation was IKBKG exon 4-10 deletion. The majority of dental anomalies and some of the oral anomalies could be corrected. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Because of the presence of cleft palate and high arched palate in IP patients, these two anomalies may be considered as diagnostic IP minor criteria as well.Clinical Oral Investigations 03/2012; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Impaired ability to signal and activate specific gene transcription through nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) has been directly linked to immunodeficiency. Hypomorphic mutations in the gene encoding NFkappaB essential modulator (NEMO), located on the X chromosome, impair NFkappaB function and lead to ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (ED-ID) with increased susceptibility to pyogenic bacteria, viruses and nonpathogenic mycobacterial infections. This is due to impaired, but not abolished, response to a variety of stimuli including Toll-like receptor agonists. Alternatively, loss-of-function (amorphic) mutations in the same gene lead to incontinentia pigmenti. The purpose of this review is to explore the range of immunologic defects associated with mutations in NEMO, a key regulatory molecule in the NFkappaB pathway. In addition to the discovery of X-linked recessive hypomorphic mutations in NEMO as the cause of anhidrotic ED-ID, autosomal-dominant hypermorphic mutations in inhibitor of NFkappaB (IkappaB) alpha have been described recently. In addition, a better understanding of genotype-phenotype correlation in ED-ID patients is evolving. ED-ID is a combined, variable but profound immunodeficiency characterized by susceptibility to pyogenic bacteria and mycobacterial infection. Understanding the features of particular NEMO mutations will provide insight into the role of this gene and will help define the crucial role of the function and regulation of NFkappaB in the immune response.Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 01/2006; 5(6):513-8. · 3.40 Impact Factor