Posterior mitral leaflet repair with a simple segmental annulus support: the 'double-Teflon technique'.
ABSTRACT The study aim was to present immediate and late results of a modified technique for mitral valve repair--the 'double-Teflon technique'. This consists of quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet, annulus plication with 'pledgetted' stitches over a Teflon patch, and leaflet suture.
Seventy-two patients (41 males, 31 females; mean age 60.5+/-11.9 years) with mitral insufficiency due to myxomatous degeneration and ruptured or elongated chordae tendineae underwent mitral valve repair with this technique. Fifteen patients (18%) had associated cardiovascular disease including coronary artery disease, aortic insufficiency, aortic stenosis and atrial septal defect. Operative, immediate postoperative and late operative echocardiographic data of the first 29 patients were analyzed. Actuarial survival was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
There was one operative death (1%). By the late postoperative period, 95% of survivors were in NYHA functional class I. There were no episodes of hemolysis or endocarditis; the linearized rate for thromboembolism was 1.4%/patient-year. Actuarial survival at 72 months was 94.5+/-3.2%. Doppler echocardiography showed a significant decrease in mean left atrial diameter (p = 0.0001) and left ventricular diastolic diameter (p = 0.0003).
Mitral valve repair with the 'double-Teflon technique' is associated with low operative mortality, satisfactory survival rates, and good clinical outcome.
- SourceAvailable from: Noedir Antonio StolfRevista Brasileira De Cirurgia Cardiovascular - REV BRAS CIR CARDIOVASC. 01/2007; 22(4).
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to present the late clinical results of mitral valve repair with the "Double Teflon" technique. "Double Teflon" technique consists of a quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet, annulus plication with "pledgetted" stitches over a Teflon patch, and leaflet suture. Between 1994 and 2003, 133 patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency due to ruptured or elongated chordae in the posterior leaflet underwent repair with this technique. The mean patient age was 60.4 years and 60.9% patients were male. According to clinical evaluation, 29.3% of the patients were in New York Heart Association functional class IV, 55.7% in class III and 15.0% in class II. Associated techniques of mitral valve repair were used in 15.2% of the patients; the most common was chordal shortening. Twenty six (19.5%) patients had associated procedures. There was one (0.75%) operative death. In the late postoperative period, 95.5% of the surviving patients were in New York Heart Association functional class I. Linearized rates of thromboembolism, reoperation and death were 0.9%, 0.3% and 0.6% patient/year, respectively. The actuarial survival at 10 years was 94.7% +/- 3.6%. Actuarial freedom from thromboembolism and reoperation were 97.3 +/- 1.5% and 99.2 +/-0.8%, respectively. There were no episodes of hemolysis or endocarditis. Mitral valve repair with "Double Teflon" technique presents low morbimorbidity and good clinical late evolution.Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 01/2008; 22(4):448-53.