Posterior mitral leaflet repair with a simple segmental annulus support: the 'double-Teflon technique'.
ABSTRACT The study aim was to present immediate and late results of a modified technique for mitral valve repair--the 'double-Teflon technique'. This consists of quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet, annulus plication with 'pledgetted' stitches over a Teflon patch, and leaflet suture.
Seventy-two patients (41 males, 31 females; mean age 60.5+/-11.9 years) with mitral insufficiency due to myxomatous degeneration and ruptured or elongated chordae tendineae underwent mitral valve repair with this technique. Fifteen patients (18%) had associated cardiovascular disease including coronary artery disease, aortic insufficiency, aortic stenosis and atrial septal defect. Operative, immediate postoperative and late operative echocardiographic data of the first 29 patients were analyzed. Actuarial survival was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
There was one operative death (1%). By the late postoperative period, 95% of survivors were in NYHA functional class I. There were no episodes of hemolysis or endocarditis; the linearized rate for thromboembolism was 1.4%/patient-year. Actuarial survival at 72 months was 94.5+/-3.2%. Doppler echocardiography showed a significant decrease in mean left atrial diameter (p = 0.0001) and left ventricular diastolic diameter (p = 0.0003).
Mitral valve repair with the 'double-Teflon technique' is associated with low operative mortality, satisfactory survival rates, and good clinical outcome.