Clinical findings and resource use of infants and toddlers dependent on oxygen and ventilators.
ABSTRACT Medical records were reviewed to describe characteristics, report clinical and resource measures, and determine if differences exist between the diagnostic groups of prematurity and multiple congenital anomalies/neurologic conditions for initial admissions of 37 infants and toddlers to an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. More than 75% of the children had a tracheostomy at admission and discharge. Forty-six percent of the sample was admitted requiring only oxygen, whereas 51% were discharged requiring only oxygen and not mechanical ventilation. Thirty percent of the children weaned to a less invasive mode of ventilation while just under half of the children were discharged home. Between-group comparisons indicated statistically significant differences for nutritional support at discharge (p < or = 0.05) and discharge disposition (p = 0.04). Complete weaning of oxygen or ventilator support during an initial inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation admission occurred less frequently than weaning to a less invasive mode of ventilation. This is an important consideration for referring children to rehabilitation programs, for clinical program improvement activities, and for setting realistic expectations for referral sources, patients and families, clinical staff, and payers. Further study is recommended using clinical data in program planning, in program improvements, and for setting outcome expectations for infants and toddlers dependent on pulmonary technology.
- SourceAvailable from: Kurt Becker
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Rates of oxygen and ventilator weaning, and factors related to successful weaning in inpatient pediatric pulmonary programs for infants and young children, have not been frequently reported in the literature. A retrospective review was conducted of 34 infants and toddlers with either a diagnostic condition of prematurity (PM) or congenital anomalies/neuromuscular disease (CA/NM) discharged from an inpatient pulmonary program. These cases represent 67 hospital admission-discharge episodes over a 6-year period. The rate of successful oxygen weaning (decrease to 0 hr per day) and ventilator weaning (decrease to <12 hr per day) and predictive factors related to successful ventilator weaning per admission-discharge episode were examined. Successful oxygen weaning was achieved during 24% and successful ventilator weaning was achieved during 30% of the admission-discharge episodes. No significant relationships were found between the selected demographic and clinical factors and oxygen weaning. Using a logistic regression model, the major variable associated with successful ventilator weaning per admission-discharge episode was diagnostic condition. Age at admission and the presence of comorbidities added slightly to the prediction model. The overall model yielded 86% accuracy for predicting a decrease in ventilator hours. However, projecting in which episodes children will not be weaned (negative predictive value = 88.9%) was more accurate than projecting in which episodes children will be weaned (positive predictive value = 73.3%). Although the program achieved a relatively low rate of successful ventilator weaning, children with a diagnostic condition of prematurity were more likely to be successfully weaned during inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation.Pediatric Pulmonology 04/2003; 35(4):280-7. DOI:10.1002/ppul.10253 · 2.30 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to describe mechanical ventilation weaning outcomes for children with chronic respiratory failure discharged from one of six post-acute rehabilitation facilities. Demographic, clinical and outcome data were collected from the medical record. Forty-four children were included in this prospective series; 20 (45%) were weaned off the ventilator at discharge. Children required significantly lower levels of ventilatory support at discharge than admission. Hourly use on the ventilator decreased from admission to discharge for the full cohort and for the subgroup who required a ventilator at discharge. Seventy-five percent of the children discharged with a ventilator had a portable unit. We conclude that nearly half of the children using mechanical ventilation achieve weaning during a postacute rehabilitation admission, whereas others have positive outcomes in severity, hours off the ventilator or portability of equipment.International Journal of Rehabilitation Research 07/2007; 30(2):171-4. DOI:10.1097/MRR.0b013e32813a2e24 · 1.14 Impact Factor