Clinical Findings and Resource Use of Infants and Toddlers Dependent on Oxygen and Ventilators

The Research Center for Children with Special Health Care Needs, Franciscan Children's Hospital and Rehabilitation Center, Boston, MA 02135, USA.
Clinical Pediatrics (Impact Factor: 1.15). 05/2002; 41(3):155-62. DOI: 10.1177/000992280204100305
Source: PubMed


Medical records were reviewed to describe characteristics, report clinical and resource measures, and determine if differences exist between the diagnostic groups of prematurity and multiple congenital anomalies/neurologic conditions for initial admissions of 37 infants and toddlers to an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. More than 75% of the children had a tracheostomy at admission and discharge. Forty-six percent of the sample was admitted requiring only oxygen, whereas 51% were discharged requiring only oxygen and not mechanical ventilation. Thirty percent of the children weaned to a less invasive mode of ventilation while just under half of the children were discharged home. Between-group comparisons indicated statistically significant differences for nutritional support at discharge (p < or = 0.05) and discharge disposition (p = 0.04). Complete weaning of oxygen or ventilator support during an initial inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation admission occurred less frequently than weaning to a less invasive mode of ventilation. This is an important consideration for referring children to rehabilitation programs, for clinical program improvement activities, and for setting realistic expectations for referral sources, patients and families, clinical staff, and payers. Further study is recommended using clinical data in program planning, in program improvements, and for setting outcome expectations for infants and toddlers dependent on pulmonary technology.

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    ABSTRACT: Rates of oxygen and ventilator weaning, and factors related to successful weaning in inpatient pediatric pulmonary programs for infants and young children, have not been frequently reported in the literature. A retrospective review was conducted of 34 infants and toddlers with either a diagnostic condition of prematurity (PM) or congenital anomalies/neuromuscular disease (CA/NM) discharged from an inpatient pulmonary program. These cases represent 67 hospital admission-discharge episodes over a 6-year period. The rate of successful oxygen weaning (decrease to 0 hr per day) and ventilator weaning (decrease to <12 hr per day) and predictive factors related to successful ventilator weaning per admission-discharge episode were examined. Successful oxygen weaning was achieved during 24% and successful ventilator weaning was achieved during 30% of the admission-discharge episodes. No significant relationships were found between the selected demographic and clinical factors and oxygen weaning. Using a logistic regression model, the major variable associated with successful ventilator weaning per admission-discharge episode was diagnostic condition. Age at admission and the presence of comorbidities added slightly to the prediction model. The overall model yielded 86% accuracy for predicting a decrease in ventilator hours. However, projecting in which episodes children will not be weaned (negative predictive value = 88.9%) was more accurate than projecting in which episodes children will be weaned (positive predictive value = 73.3%). Although the program achieved a relatively low rate of successful ventilator weaning, children with a diagnostic condition of prematurity were more likely to be successfully weaned during inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation.
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    ABSTRACT: Modern technology has improved the quality of life for children with tracheostomy and home ventilators. A "home ventilator team" at St. Olav University Hospital was responsible for 18 children with tracheostomy over a period of 2.5 years. The team serves as a link between different health care providers. A new educational programme for health care providers and parents is described. Children with tracheostomy constitute a small, but professionally challenging group with a variety of health-related problems. In Norway it is not quite clear who is responsible for the care of these patients.
    Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening 05/2005; 125(7):907-9.
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