Repression and activation domains of RME1p structurally overlap, but differ in genetic requirements.

Department of Genetics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel.
Molecular Biology of the Cell (Impact Factor: 4.55). 06/2002; 13(5):1709-21. DOI: 10.1091/mbc.01-09-0468
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Rme1p, a repressor of meiosis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, acts as both a transcriptional repressor and activator. Rme1p is a zinc-finger protein with no other homology to any protein of known function. The C-terminal DNA binding domain of Rme1p is essential for function. We find that mutations and progressive deletions in all three zinc fingers can be rescued by fusion of RME1 to the DNA binding domain of another protein. Thus, structural integrity of the zinc fingers is not required for the Rme1p-mediated effects on transcription. Using a series of mutant Rme1 proteins, we have characterized domains responsible for repression and activation. We find that the minimal transcriptional repression and activation domains completely overlap and lie in an 88-amino-acid N-terminal segment (aa 61-148). An additional transcriptional effector determinant lies in the first 31 amino acids of the protein. Notwithstanding the complete overlap between repression and activation domains of Rme1p, we demonstrated a functional difference between repression and activation: Rgr1p and Sin4p are absolutely required for repression but dispensable for activation.

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