Gastric acid secretion stimulated by centrally injected nociceptin in urethane-anesthetized rats.
ABSTRACT Nociceptin is a preferred endogenous ligand for the orphan opioid receptor-like 1 (ORL1) receptor. Central administration of nociceptin showed various pharmacological effects on analgesia, cardiovascular and renal responses, food intake, and so on. In the present study, we investigated the effect of nociceptin injected into the central nervous system (CNS) on gastric acid secretion in the perfused stomach of urethane-anesthetized rats. Injection of nociceptin (0.55-5.52 nmol per rat) into the fourth cerebroventricle stimulated gastric acid secretion and the secretion was inhibited in atropine-treated (1 mg/kg, i.v.) and vagotomized rats. The secretion induced by nociceptin (1.65 nmol) was not inhibited by the central injection of naloxone (275 nmol, a non-selective antagonist of opioid receptors). The secretion was significantly inhibited by the central injection of [Phe(1)psi(CH(2)-NH)Gly(2)]nociceptin-(1-13)-NH(2) ([F/G]nociceptin-(1-13), 0.21 nmol, an antagonist of ORL1 receptor), although [F/G]nociceptin-(1-13) alone at higher doses (2.10 and 7.31 nmol) markedly stimulated gastric acid secretion. In the 0-40 min period, the secretion induced by nociceptin was inhibited at least partially by CompB (68.8 nmol, a nonpeptidic antagonist of ORL1 receptor). Injection of nociceptin (5.52 nmol) into the lateral cerebroventricle also stimulated the secretion. Injection of nociceptin did not modify gastric acid secretion stimulated by 2-deoxy-D-glucose (200 mg/kg, i.v.). In conclusion, nociceptin injected into the CNS stimulated gastric acid secretion in rats via the ORL1 receptors and through mechanisms involving the vagus nerve.
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ABSTRACT: We studied the central and peripheral antitussive effect of ORL1 receptor activation with nociceptin/orphanin FQ in conscious guinea-pigs. In guinea-pig cough studies, nociceptin/orphanin FQ (10, 30, and 90 μg) given directly into the CNS by an intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) route inhibited cough elicited by capsaicin exposure by approximately 23, 29 and 52%, respectively. The antitussive activity of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (90 μg, i.c.v.) was blocked by the selective ORL1 antagonist [Phe1γ(CH2-NH)Gly2]nociceptin-(1-13)-NH2 (180 μg, i.c.v.) and J113397 (10 mg kg−1, i.p.) but not by the opioid antagonist, naltrexone (3 mg kg−1, i.p.). Furthermore, intravenous (i.v.) nociceptin/orphanin FQ (1.0 and 3.0 mg kg−1) also inhibited cough approximately by 25 and 42%, respectively. These findings indicate that selective ORL1 agonists display the potential to inhibit cough by both a central and peripheral mechanism, and potentially represent a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of cough.British Journal of Pharmacology 04/2001; · 5.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 1-[(3R,4R)-1-cyclooctylmethyl-3-hydroxymethyl-4-piperidyl]-3-ethyl -1, 3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-one (J-113397) was found to be the first potent nonpeptidyl ORL1 receptor antagonist (K(i): cloned human ORL1=1.8 nM) with high selectivity over other opioid receptors (K(i): 1000 nM for human mu-opioid receptor, >10,000 nM for human delta-opioid receptor, and 640 nM for human kappa-opioid receptor). In vitro, J-113397 inhibited nociceptin/orphanin FQ-stimulated [35S]guanosine 5'-O-(gamma-thio)triphosphate (GTP gamma S) binding to Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells expressing ORL1 (CHO-ORL1) with an IC(50) value of 5.3 nM but had no effect on [35S]GTP gamma S binding by itself. Schild plot analysis of the [35S]GTP gamma S binding assay and cAMP assay using CHO-ORL1 indicated competitive antagonism of J-113397 on the ORL1 receptor. In CHO cells expressing mu-, delta- or kappa-opioid receptors, J-113397 had no effects on [35S]GTP gamma S binding up to a concentration of 100 nM, indicating selective antagonism of the compound on the ORL1 receptor. In vivo, J-113397, when administered subcutaneously (s.c.), dose-dependently inhibited hyperalgesia elicited by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of nociceptin/orphanin FQ in a tail-flick test with mice. An in vitro binding study using mouse brains indicated that J-113397 possesses high affinity for the mouse ORL1 receptor (K(i): 1.1 nM) as well as the human receptor. In summary, J-113397 is the first potent, selective ORL1 receptor antagonist that may be useful in elucidating the physiological roles of nociceptin/orphanin FQ.European Journal of Pharmacology 08/2000; 402(1-2):45-53. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The isolated perfused guinea pig lung was used to investigate the effect of nociceptin against bronchoconstriction elicited by endogenous and exogenous tachykinins. The opioid receptor-like 1 (ORL1) receptor agonist, nociceptin/orphanin FQ (0.001-1 microM) produced a dose-related inhibition of the capsaicin-induced bronchoconstriction (10(-5)-10(3) microg) in isolated guinea pig lung (P<0.05), a response mediated by the release of endogenous tachykinins from lung sensory nerves. The new ORL1 receptor antagonist 1-[(3R, 4R)-1-Cyclooctylmethyl-3-hydroxymethyl-4-piperidyl]-3-ethyl-1, 3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-one (J-113397) (0.3 microM) significantly blocked the inhibitory effect of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (0.01 microM) on capsaicin-induced bronchoconstriction, whereas the non-selective opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (1 microM) had no effect. Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (1 microM) did not affect the bronchoconstriction induced exogenously by the tachykinin NK2 receptor agonist neurokinin A. In conclusion, the present data provide evidence that nociceptin inhibits capsaicin-evoked tachykinin release from sensory nerve terminals in guinea pig lung by a prejunctional mechanism. This inhibitory action occurs independently from activation of opioid receptors. The present study also indicates that J-113397 is a potent ORL1 receptor antagonist.European Journal of Pharmacology 08/2000; 402(1-2):171-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor