Gastric acid secretion stimulated by centrally injected nociceptin in urethane-anesthetized rats.
ABSTRACT Nociceptin is a preferred endogenous ligand for the orphan opioid receptor-like 1 (ORL1) receptor. Central administration of nociceptin showed various pharmacological effects on analgesia, cardiovascular and renal responses, food intake, and so on. In the present study, we investigated the effect of nociceptin injected into the central nervous system (CNS) on gastric acid secretion in the perfused stomach of urethane-anesthetized rats. Injection of nociceptin (0.55-5.52 nmol per rat) into the fourth cerebroventricle stimulated gastric acid secretion and the secretion was inhibited in atropine-treated (1 mg/kg, i.v.) and vagotomized rats. The secretion induced by nociceptin (1.65 nmol) was not inhibited by the central injection of naloxone (275 nmol, a non-selective antagonist of opioid receptors). The secretion was significantly inhibited by the central injection of [Phe(1)psi(CH(2)-NH)Gly(2)]nociceptin-(1-13)-NH(2) ([F/G]nociceptin-(1-13), 0.21 nmol, an antagonist of ORL1 receptor), although [F/G]nociceptin-(1-13) alone at higher doses (2.10 and 7.31 nmol) markedly stimulated gastric acid secretion. In the 0-40 min period, the secretion induced by nociceptin was inhibited at least partially by CompB (68.8 nmol, a nonpeptidic antagonist of ORL1 receptor). Injection of nociceptin (5.52 nmol) into the lateral cerebroventricle also stimulated the secretion. Injection of nociceptin did not modify gastric acid secretion stimulated by 2-deoxy-D-glucose (200 mg/kg, i.v.). In conclusion, nociceptin injected into the CNS stimulated gastric acid secretion in rats via the ORL1 receptors and through mechanisms involving the vagus nerve.
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ABSTRACT: This paper is the twenty-fifth consecutive installment of the annual review of research concerning the endogenous opioid system, now spanning over a quarter-century of research. It summarizes papers published during 2002 that studied the behavioral effects of molecular, pharmacological and genetic manipulation of opioid peptides, opioid receptors, opioid agonists and opioid antagonists. The particular topics that continue to be covered include the molecular-biochemical effects and neurochemical localization studies of endogenous opioids and their receptors related to behavior (Section 2), and the roles of these opioid peptides and receptors in pain and analgesia (Section 3); stress and social status (Section 4); tolerance and dependence (Section 5); learning and memory (Section 6); eating and drinking (Section 7); alcohol and drugs of abuse (Section 8); sexual activity and hormones, pregnancy, development and endocrinology (Section 9); mental illness and mood (Section 10); seizures and neurologic disorders (Section 11); electrical-related activity and neurophysiology (Section 12); general activity and locomotion (Section 13); gastrointestinal, renal and hepatic functions (Section 14); cardiovascular responses (Section 15); respiration and thermoregulation (Section 16); and immunological responses (Section 17).Peptides 09/2003; 24(8):1241-302. · 2.43 Impact Factor