5-Organyl-5-phosphaspiro[4.4]nonanes: a contribution to the structural chemistry of spirocyclic tetraalkylphosphonium salts and pentaalkylphosphoranes.
ABSTRACT Spirocyclic phosphonium salts of the type [(CH(2))(4)P(CH(2))(4)](+) X(-) with X = I(3) (1a), I (1b), picrate (1c), benzoate (1d), and Cl (1e) were prepared from 1,4-diiodobutane and elemental phosphorus followed by metathesis reactions. The crystal structures of 1b and 1c and of 1d(H(2)O) have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. In the cations of these salts the phosphorus atoms are shared by two five-membered rings in envelop conformations. In the picrate 1c the cations show an unsymmetrical ring folding pattern (point group C(1)), while the geometry of the cations of the iodide 1b and the benzoate hydrate [1d(H(2)O)] approaches the symmetry of point group C(2). These structures can be taken as models for the as yet unknown molecular geometries of the corresponding hydrocarbon (CH(2))(4)C(CH(2))(4) and silane (CH(2))(4)Si(CH(2))(4). Treatment of 1e with organolithium reagents RLi affords spirocyclic pentaorganophosphoranes RP[(CH(2))(4)](2) with R = Me, Et, n-Bu, Vi, and Ph (2a-e) in good (R = Me, Et, n-Bu) to low yields (R = Vi, Ph). The products are isolated as colorless liquids, of which only 2a, 2b, and 2d can be distilled without decomposition. Single crystals of 2a were obtained by low-temperature in situ crystal growth. The molecule has a trigonal bipyramidal configuration with the methyl group in an equatorial position and the two five-membered rings spanning axial/equatorial positions of the polyhedron. Deviations from the standard trigonal bipyramidal geometry are small. The compounds 2a-e are fluctional in solution as demonstrated by NMR spectroscopy.
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ABSTRACT: The 3-(triphenylphosphonio)-N-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)pyrrole reacts with 2 equiv of methyllithium to afford a lithium adduct in which a cyclic (amino)[bis(ylide)]carbene, a novel type of NHC, acts as a 1,4-bidentate ligand via the carbene center and the exocyclic ylidic carbon. This species readily undergoes transmetalation reactions, which allows for the synthesis of a variety of transition-metal complexes.Inorganic Chemistry 06/2008; 47(10):3949-51. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of alkyltributylphosphonium chloride ionic liquids, prepared from tributylphosphine and the respective 1-chloroalkane, C(n)H(2n+1)Cl (where n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12 or 14), is reported. This work is a continuation of an extended series of tetraalkylphosphonium ionic liquids, where the focus is on the variability of n and its impact on the physical properties, such as melting points/glass transitions, thermal stability, density and viscosity. Experimental density and viscosity data were interpreted using QPSR and group contribution methods and the crystal structure of propyl(tributyl)phosphonium chloride is detailed.Dalton Transactions 06/2012; 41(27):8316-32. · 3.81 Impact Factor